The labor needed to build these vast cultural landscapes exceeds population estimates for the region, and suggests that people from near (and possibly far) traveled to the Scioto and other river valleys to help with construction of these monumental earthen complexes. Here, Mark Lynott draws on more than a decade of research and extensive new data sets to reexamine the spectacular and massive scale Ohio Hopewell landscapes and to explore the society that created them.
Table of Contents
Ohio and the Beginning of North American Archaeology
Mortuary Mounds and Artifacts
Expanding Research Interests in earthworks and ceremonial centers
Ohio Hopewell Constructed Landscapes and the Digital Revolution
Ohio Hopewell – an iconic name and iconic sites, but what is it?
II. Current Issues in the Construction of Ohio Hopewell ceremonial landscapes
Hopewell Variation and Distribution
Time and Hopewell Archaeology
Energy analysis: How many people did it take to build Ohio Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes
Sedentary Farmers or Mobile Foragers?
Mensuration, Geometry, Alignments and Reading the Heavens
Alignments and Reading the Heavens
The Great Hopewell Road
Were ceremonial landscapes planned designs? Models and hypotheses.
III. The Hopeton Earthworks Project
Geophysical Survey and Trench Excavations
Embankment Wall Features
Non-embankment wall features
Near The Earthworks: Triangle, Red Wing, Overly, and Cryder sites
What have we learned about the Hopeton Earthworks?
IV. Studies of Ohio Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes
Scioto River Valley
High Bank Earthwork
Hopewell Mound Group
Southwest Ohio – Brush Creek, The Great Miami and Little Miami River drainages
Fort Hill, Highland County
Turner Group of Earthworks
V: What do we know about Hopewell ceremonial landscapes?
Constructed Landscapes, Site Preparation and Planning
Material Selection and the Placement of material: art or engineering?
Landscape Features - Unique and Diverse
Time and Landscape Construction
How Were Ceremonial Landscapes Used?
Ritual Refuse Pits at the Riverside Site, Hopewell Mound Group
The Moorehead Circle
Craft Houses and Other Wooden Structures
A Great Post Circle and Many Buildings
Beyond the Enclosure at Mound City
Some additional thoughts
VI. Some Final Thoughts: What We Still Need to Learn
Landscapes and Time
The Meaning Behind Landscape Forms
Beyond Southern Ohio
Future studies and final thoughts
Reviews & Quotes
"Mark Lynott has given us a successful account of the earthwork centers of southern Ohio and one that complements previous treatments focusing on grave lots, ritual production, and artifact-based interaction. It is a useful addition to our understanding of Ohio Hopewell and it will be read by generations to come."
Mark F. Seeman, Emeritus Professor, Department of Anthropology, Kent State University.
Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology (Volume 40, 2015.)
"A must for those interested in Hopewell and for scholars around the world researching ceremonial earthworks."
J. B. Richardson III, emeritus, University of Pittsburgh
CHOICE (October 2015)
"One of this volume’s greatest strengths is its synthesis of decades of Hopewell research, without which such multi-scalar assessments are impossible. Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes of Ohio shows how we may transform our hypotheses about Hopewell into robust, data-based interpretations. Lynott demonstrates its value by example and leaves as his legacy not only preliminary answers to some of our longstanding questions about Hopewell, but also a prescription for how we can continue to demystify the Hopewell archaeological record."
Alice P. Wright, Appalachian StateUniversity.
American Antiquity (Vol. 81, No. 1, 2016)
"Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes of Ohi is, in my estimation, the most authoritative, up-to-date, and
attractive overview of ancient North America’s all important Hopewellian world (c. 150 b.c.–a.d. 350)."
Timothy R. Pauketat
Landscape History ()