Prehistory and Protohistory in the Occidental Mediterranean [Hardback]

Eva Alarcón García(Editor); Antoni Ferrer(Editor)

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ISBN: 9781789258226 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2023 | Language: English 336p, H10.9 x W8.4, B/w
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Prehistory and Protohistory in the Occidental Mediterranean


The development of several cultural phenomena dating back to the Copper Age took place in Europe throughout the second and first millennia BC. It can be especially analyzed within the archaeological record of western Mediterranean sites, where several cultures such as El Argar, Cogotas and Talayotic groups developed a similar chronological period. Despite sharing some common features, they all display strong differences, which materializes into clear identity frames for each archaeological group.

Despite megalithism having disappeared in the second millennium BC, it experienced a remarkable flourish in the Balearic Islands with the construction of navetas, dolmenic structures shaped like an upside-down boat for multiple burials. A similar phenomenon developed in Sardinia, where the megalithic tradition led to the construction of the so called 'tombe dei giganti'.

The end of the Bronze Age was characterized by all these cultural transformations, which can clearly be seen on the archaeological record. On the one hand, with the development of the Talayotic Culture in Mallorca and Menorca, although displaying a differentiated cultural identity between both islands. On the other hand, the Levantine area of the Iberian Peninsula, where both the central European and Mediterranean influences resulted in the apparition of new social identities during the first millennium BC.

The main aim of the current monograph is to analyze and explore from scientific and archaeological perspectives all the mentioned cultural developments, focusing on its antecedents and substrate as well as its consequences.

Table of Contents



Eva Alarcón García (Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Granada, Spain) and Tony Ferrer (Consell Insular, Menorca)

1. An alternative approach to the excavation, conservation and sampling of the Balearic quicklime burials

Mark van Strydonck (Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage, Brussels) and Guy de Mulder (Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage. Faculty of arts and Philosophy, Ghent University)

2. Two entities, one time and one space: The Bell Beaker culture in the middle Bronze Age communities

Carmen Alonso Fernández (CRONOS S.C. Arqueología y Patrimonio, Centro Europeo de Empresas e Innovación) and Javier Jiménez-Echevarría (CRONOS S.C. Arqueología y Patrimonio, Centro Europeo de Empresas e Innovación)

3. Enclosed settlements, open societies? Domestic space, territory and economic-cultural dynamics in Corsica during the Bronze Age

Kewin Peche-Quilichini (Université de Montpellier) and Joseph Cesari (CNRS Aix-Marseille Université)

4. Beyond social structures:. The Argaric town of Peñalosa (Baños de la Encina, Jaén)

Eva Alarcón García, Francisco Contreras Cortés (University of Granada), María Auxiliadora Moreno Onorato (University of Granada) and Luis Arboledas Martínez (University of Granada)

5. Household contexts from the Navetes 3 and 4 of S’hospitalet Vell (Manacor, Mallorca)

Damià Ramis (Association Archaeologi and Patrimony, Spain) and Magdalena Salas Burguera (Museum of History, Manacor, Spain)

6. The prehistoric mine of Sa Mitja Lluna (Illa d’en Colom, Mahón, Menorca, Spain):. State of the art

Bartomeu Llull Estarellas (University of Islas Baleares), Laura Perelló Mateo (University of Islas Baleares), Mark A. Hunt Oritz (University of Sevilla), Bartomeu Salvà Simonet (University of Islas Baleares) and María Isabel Núñez Paz (University of Islas Baleares)

7. Ritual and identity in the Biniadris Cove (Alaior, Menorca, Spain)

Eva Alarcón García, Auxilio Moreno Onorato (University of Granada), Marta Díaz-Zorita Bonilla (University of Tubingen, Germany) and Luis Arboledas Martínez (University of Granada)

8. The wooden beams of the Talayot 1 at Sant Agustí Vell (Menorca): Taxonomical identification and radiocarbon dating

Montserrat Anglada Fontestad (Archaeological Museum Menorca), Antoni Ferrer (IInstitut Menorquí d’Estudis), Irene Riudavets González (NURARQ S.L.), Mark van Strydonck (Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage (Bruselas, KIK-IRPA)), Llorenç Picornell-Gelabert (University of Balears-Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (París, CNRS)), Damià Ramis (Associació Arqueologia i Patrimoni), Raquel Ruiz Pastor (Associació Arqueologia i Patrimoni) and Ismael Moll Pelegrí (Associació Arqueologia i Patrimoni)

9. Els ganivets Balears del Bronze Antic

Bartomeu Salvà Simonet (University of the Balearic Islands) and Octavi Pons Machado (Menorca Museum)

10. Stalactites, columns, water and ritual in the Pitiüses Islands and their Mediterranean context

Ricard Marlasca Martín, Josep Mª López Garí, Mª J. Escandell Torres

11. Els Tossals (Aldover, Baix Ebre, Tarragona), a first Iron Age settlement between the Ebre River and the Port Mountains

Ferré, R. (University of Rovira and Virgili), Ivan Cots, I. (University of Rovira and Virgili), Sardà, H. (University of Rovira and Virgili), Marc Prades, M. (University of Rovira and Virgili), Jordi Diloli, J. (University of Rovira and Virgili), Bricio, L. (University of Rovira and Virgili), Pérez, M. (University of Rovira and Virgili) and Fontanet, M. (University of Rovira and Virgili)

12. Horse deposits at Can Roqueta (Sabadell, Barcelona) during the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age

F. Javier Lopez-Cachero (SERP-Universitat de Barcelona), Silvia Albizuri (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), Tona Majó (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), Xavier Carlús (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), Mònica Oliva Poveda (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona), Antoni Palomo (Museu d’Arqueologia de Catalunya), Alba Rodríguez (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) and Noemi Terrats Jiminez (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

13. The Balearics got to know... And they knowed

Margarita Orfila Pons (University of Granada, Spain)

14. When the Mediterranean reaches the Rías Baixas, the site of a Lanzada (Pontevedra)

Rafael María Rodríguez Martínez (Diputación de Pontevedra)

15. Rural Iron Age settlements in Cesetania: The site of Rabassats (Nulles, Alt Camp, Tarragona)

María Carme Belarte (Institut Català d’Arqueologia Clàssica (ICAC)), Joan Canela Gràcia (Institut Català d’Arqueologia Clàssica (ICAC)), Jordi Morer de Llorens (Món Ibers Rocs SL), Marc Ocaña Salvat (Institut Català d’Arqueologia Clàssica (ICAC)) and Oriol Cuscó Badia (Institut Català d’Arqueologia Clàssica (ICAC))

16. The exterior patios of the late -Iron Age of Menorca: The Torre d’en Galmes Exterior Patios

Borja Corral Garcia (Amics from Museu of Menorca), Carlos de Salort Giménez (Amics from Museu of Menorca) and Martí Carbonell Salom (Amics from Museu of Menorca)

17. Typology and paste composition in post-Alayotic hand-made pottery from southwest Mallorca

Daniel Albero Santacreu (University of Illes Balears)

18. Objects of the second age of IronIron Age held in the coast of Menorca

Octavio Pons Machado (Menorca of Museum) and Bartomeu Salvà Simonet (University of the Balears)

19. Los vasos de fondo alto o doble fondo de la cultura Tala-Yótica de Menorca y su carácter ritual

Lourdes Prados Torreira (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

20. Athenian pottery in the religious contexts of the Iberian peninsula.: Local reception and impact

Carmen Rueda (University of Jaen) and Ricardo Olmos Romera (Retired Research Professor, Institute of History, CSIC, Madrid (Spain))

21. Menorca’s circular Talayotic houses: An example of privacy?

Joaquín Pons Machado (Universitat Autonóma of Barcelona, Spain)

22. A protohistoric sanctuary in Menorca: The Taula enclosure of Sa Cudia Cremada

Montserrat Anglada Fontestat (Association Sa Cudia Cremada FieldSchool-Archaeology), Cristina Bravo Asensio (Association Sa Cudia Cremada FieldSchool-Archaeology) and Irene Riudavets González (Association Sa Cudia Cremada FieldSchool-Archaeology)

23. Ritual practices in the protohistoric oppidum of Cerro de las Cabezas (Valdepeñas, Ciudad Real): Analysis of the skeletons of two mens located next to the south wall

Tomás Torres González (Codirector of settlement Cerro de las Cabezas-GICC), Domingo Fernández Maroto (UNED), Julián Vélez Rivas (Codirector of settlement Cerro de las Cabezas-GICC), Jesús Herrerín López (University of Autonoma Madrid), Natasa Sarkic (University of Autonoma Madrid), Miguel Carmona Astillero (Restaurador–Conservador Museo Municipal de Valdepeñas) and José Javier Pérez Avilés (Codirector of settlement Cerro de las Cabezas-GICC)

24. The Necropolis of Fuentesanz (Fresno De Rodilla, Burgos): A new northern boundary of the Celtiberia

Carmen Alonso Fernández (Cronos S.C. Centro Europeo de Empresas e Innovación)

25. The discovery of two Andirons in the village of Torre d’en Galmés-Alaior (Menorca)

Carmen Lara Astiz (Autonoma University of Barcelona) and Joaquín Pons Machado (Autonoma University of Barcelona)

26. Phoenicians in the origin of the Meinorcan Taulas

Joan C. de Nicolás Mascaró (Center of Phoenician and Punic Studies and Modular Proyect)

27. Archaeological works in Torrellafuda and Son Catlar (Ciutadella):. New data for a Punic Meinorca?

Helena Jiménez Vialás (University of Murcia), Fernando Prados Martínez (University of Alacant), María J. León Moll (Citadel Museum), Andrés M. Adroher Auroux (University of Granada), Joan C. de Nicolás Mascaró (Center of Phoenician and Punic Studies), José J. Martínez García (University of Murcia), Octavio Torres Gomariz (University of Alacant) and Sonia Carbonell

Pastor (University of Alacant)

28. Astronomy and ritualism during the protohistory:. A possible worship place in La Gessera (Caseres, Terra Alta) between the IV fourth and the IIIthird centuries BC

Jordi Diloli (University Rovira and Virgili), Manuel Pérez (University of Salamanca), David Bea (University Rovira and Virgili), Marc Prades (University Rovira and Virgili), Jordi Vilà (University Rovira and Virgili), Ivan Cots (University Rovira and Virgili)

29. So Na Caçana sanctuaries

Luis Cobos (Arq patrimonio), Julia García (University of Granada) and Alberto Dorado Alejos (University of Granada)

30. Les Esquarterades (Ulldecona, El Montsià, Tarragona).: A new Iberian necropolis in the Ilercavonian territory

Maria Carme Belarte (Institut Català d’Arqueologia Clàssica (ICAC)) and Jaume Noguera (University of Barcelona)

31. Last phases of growth of Menorcan settlements during the second Iron Age: Chronology of the construction and abandonment of Circle 7 at Torre d’'en Galmés (Alaior)

Antoni Ferrer (Institut Menorquí d’Estudis), Carmen Lara Astiz (GRAMPO-UAB, Institut Menorquí d’Estudis), Joaquim Pons Machado (GRAMPO-UAB, Institut Menorquí d’Estudis), Martí Carbonell Salom (Institut Menorquí d’Estudis), Irene Riudavets González (NURARQ SC), Borja Corral García (Amics del Museu de Menorca) and Mark van Strydonck (Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage (Bruselas, KIK-IRPA))

32. The same name for two different realities: The Talayots of Menorca and Mallorca

Antoni Ferrer Rotger (Institut Menorquí d’Estudis) and Irene Riudavets González (NURARQ SC)

33. The construction of the Gentilitial Clientage lineage in the funerary landscapes of the southern Iberians (7th–-4th centuries BCE)

Arturo Ruiz Fernández (University of Jaen) and Manuel Molinos

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