The Late Medieval Landscape of North-east Scotland: Renaissance, Reformation and Revolution [Paperback]

Colin Shepherd(Author)

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ISBN: 9781914427046 | Published by: Windgather Press | Year of Publication: 2021 | 240p, H9.7 x W7.3, B/w and color
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The Late Medieval Landscape of North-east Scotland

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The landscape of the north-east of Scotland ranges from wild mountains to undulating farmlands; from cosy, quaint fishing coves to long, sandy bays. This landscape witnessed the death of MacBeth, the final stand of the Comyns earls of Buchan against Robert the Bruce and the last victory, in Britain, of a catholic army at Glenlivet. But behind these momentous battles lie the quieter histories of ordinary folk farming the land - and supping their local malts.

Colin Shepherd paints a picture of rural life within the landscapes of the north-east between the 13th and 18th centuries by using documentary, cartographic and archaeological evidence. He shows how the landscape was ordered by topographic and environmental constraints that resulted in great variation across the region and considers the evidence for the way late medieval lifestyles developed and blended sustainably within their environments to create a patchwork of cultural and agricultural diversity. However, these socio-economic developments subsequently led to a breakdown of this structure, resulting in what Adam Smith, in the 18th century, described as 'oppression'.

The 12th-century Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation and the Industrial Revolution are used here to define a framework for considering the cultural changes that affected this region of Scotland. These include the dispossession of rights to land ownership that continue to haunt policy makers in the Scottish government today. While the story also shows how a regional cultural divergence, recognized here, can undermine 'big theories' of socio-political change when viewed across the wider stage of Europe and the Americas.

Table of Contents

Foreword and Acknowledgements
Introduction
A Brief Background to the Literature
Sources and Evidence

Part One: The Landscape of the North-east

Chapter One: The Background to Rural Life
1.1. The Geological and Topographical setting
1.2. The Medieval background

Chapter Two: Land-use in an Agricultural World
Introduction
2.1. Field Development
2.2. Water Management
2.3. Agricultural Husbandry
2.4 Agricultural Technology
2.5. ‘Outland’ Resources

Chapter Three: The Economic Structure of the Landscape
3.1. Tenancies, Land-holdings and Service Dues
3.2. Rural Secular Buildings and Contents
3.3. Settlement Types
3.4. Rural Crafts and Industries
3.5. Routeways and Carriage

Chapter Four: The Landscape in its Social Setting
4.1. Assembly Sites and the Political Division of the Land
4.2. Ritual Landscape, Religion and Welfare
4.3. Markets and Fairs

Part Two: Ideological and Social Change in the North-east

Introduction
5.1. 12th-century Renaissance to Reformation
5.2. The Long Century of Reformation: c.1530 - c.1650
5.3. From Reformation to Revolution
5.4. Discussion

Appendix: Landscape Change in the Parish of Kearn within the Lordship of Forbes. A Case Study.
Sources
Bibliography

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