Lincoln Castle Revealed: The Story of a Norman Powerhouse and its Anglo-Saxon Precursor [Hardback]

Jonathan Clark(Author); Justin Garner-Lahire(Author); Cecily Spall(Author); Nicola Toop(Author)

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ISBN: 9781789257359 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2021 | 272p, H11 x W9.5, color
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Lincoln Castle Revealed

Details

This book tells a new story of the royal castle of Lincoln in the north of England, how it was imposed on the late Anglo-Saxon town, and how it developed over the next 900 years in the hands of the English king or his aristocratic associates, leaving us a surviving monument of three great towers, each with its own biography. Led by FAS Heritage, archaeologists, architectural historians and a large cohort of the general public have combined to produce a revealing and accessible account of the story of Lincoln Castle and a reborn historical attraction for the city of Lincoln.

Table of Contents

Foreword

Acknowledgements

Picture credits

List of Illustrations

List of tables

CHAPTER 1 THE CAMPAIGN TO REVEAL LINCOLN CASTLE

INTRODUCTION

OPPORTUNITY

Research incentives - Community involvement - A guide to the book

OVERVIEW

Before the Romans – Roman Lincoln – Post-Roman and Anglo-Saxon Lincoln – The Medieval Castle – Coda: Lincoln Castle into the 21st century

CHAPTER 2 THE ROMAN FORTRESS AND COLONIA

INTRODUCTION TO ROMAN LINCOLN

THE LEGIONARY FORTRESS

Remains of the fortress in the grounds of Castle Moat House

THE ROMAN COLONIA

Archaeological observations made in the grounds of Castle Moat House – The colonia beneath the castle – Structures 13 and 14 – Roman ‘strip’ houses – Structure 15 – a townhouse

SIGNIFICANT ROMAN FINDS

A statue of Domitian? – Life in the townhouse

THE END OF ROMAN LINCOLN

CHAPTER 3 - THE CITY BENEATH THE CASTLE

ROMAN TO MEDIEVAL IN THE UPPER CITY

EARLY MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENT BEFORE THE CASTLE

THE LOST CEMETERY AND CHURCH OR CHAPEL

Burial 9 – The foundation burial – Burial 1 – Burial 11 – Burial 3 – Burial 2 – The sarcophagus burial – Burial 5 – The sarcophagus

WHO LIVED AND DIED IN THE OLD ROMAN CITY? PORTRAIT OF A COMMUNITY

THE DOCUMENTARY CONTEXT OF THE MASONS’ YARD CHURCH OR CHAPEL

CHAPTER 4 - THE EARLY CASTLE AND THE LUCY TOWER

INTRODUCTION TO LINCOLN CASTLE

Lincoln and the Norman Conquest

THE EARLY CASTLE

The southern enclosure and the lost South Gate

THE LUCY TOWER

Countess Lucy – The pike mark – A study of the shell-keep – Inside the Lucy Tower – The lost chambers

CHAPTER 5 - THE CASTLE GATES and WALLS

INTRODUCTION

WEST GATE

West Gate barbican and tower

EAST GATE

THE MAGNA AULA OR GREAT HALL

THE CASTLE WALLS

East curtain wall – North curtain wall – West curtain wall

CHAPTER 6 - THE OBSERVATORY TOWER

EAST RANGE

RANULF’S TOWER

Lincoln Castle and The Anarchy - Structure 9 and 10

THE GAOL TOWER

FEASTING AT LINCOLN CASTLE - THE 12TH-CENTURY MIDDEN

A commentary on the dice by Mark Hall - A commentary on the animal bones by Matilda Holmes

CHAPTER 7 – COBB HALL AND THE LAST FLOWERING OF LINCOLN CASTLE

Historical Introduction – From King John to Henry III

STRENGTHENING A FORTRESS

COBB HALL – A NEW TOWER

Martial – Official – Regal

ALL THE KING’S HORSES - THE CASTLE STABLES, MILL AND BREWHOUSE

COBB HALL AND LINCOLN CASTLE IN THE CIVIL WAR

CHAPTER 8 – LINCOLN CASTLE RECREATED

THE OLD GAOL AND COUNTY HALL

THE GEORGIAN GAOL, 1785-1788

The Gaol Yards

THE 1820s DEBTORS’ YARD OR AIRING COURT

The new Debtors’ Yard

KEEPERS OF THE GAOL

THE 1840s PRISON

The Eastern Courtyard

DEATH AND BURIAL

ROMANTIC RUINS

Governor John Merryweather and the gentrification of Lincoln Castle

LINCOLN CASTLE INTO THE 21ST CENTURY

CHAPTER 9 – LEGACY

OVERVIEW

The Roman to Anglo-Scandinavian Upper City – The medieval castle – Rebirth: The Lincoln Castle Revealed project

DIGEST OF EVIDENCE

GENERAL

1 GLOSSARY OF TERMS

2 MASTER INDEX TO INTERVENTIONSROMAN

3 ROMAN POTTERY – Ian Rowlandson

4 ROMAN FINDS – Hilary Cool

5 ROMAN GLASS – Hilary Cool

6 ROMAN COIN LIST – Craig Barclay

7 ROMAN SPINDLEWHORL – Penelope Walton Rogers

ANGLO-SAXON, MEDIEVAL AND LATER

8 POST-ROMAN POTTERY – Jane Young

9 HUMAN BONE – Shirley Curtis-Summers

10 MULTI-ISOTOPE ANALYSIS – Derek Hamilton, Mandy Kay, Janet Montgomery and Kerry Sayle

11 RADIOCARBON DATING AND BAYESIAN MODELLING – Derek Hamilton and Kerry Sayle

12 EVIDENCE FOR TEXTILES – Penelope Walton Rogers

13 MEDIEVAL FINDS – Cecily Spall

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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