CAA2015. Keep The Revolution Going: Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology [Paperback]

Stefano Campana(Editor); Roberto Scopigno(Editor); Gabriella Carpentiero(Editor)

ISBN: 9781784913373 | Published by: Archaeopress Archaeology | Series: Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology: Conference Proceedings | Year of Publication: 2016 | 1160p, H11.5 x W8, Illustrated throughout in black & white with 3 color pages
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CAA2015. Keep The Revolution Going


This volume brings together all the successful peer-reviewed papers submitted for the proceedings of the 43rd conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology that took place in Siena (Italy) from March 31st to April 2nd 2015. Altogether, within the four days of the conference 280 papers were presented in 48 sections divided into ten macro topics, 113 posters, 7 roundtables and 12 workshops. That number, in itself, has prompted a thought or two. Above all it says that CAA is very much alive and kicking, that it is in robust good health, and that it remains a wholly relevant force in the scientific community, fully engaged with the questions of the day, and a continuing focal point for the profession. All of that speaks well for the motto of CAA 2015: KEEP THE REVOLUTION GOING. Although the significance of the motto is obvious, it is worth some thoughts. Few would deny that in the past 30 years or so, digital technologies have profoundly revolutionised archaeology – in the office and laboratory, in the field and in the classroom. The progressive introduction of digital techniques in the archaeological process has of course led to a general increase in efficiency. But perhaps more importantly it has provided a spur to the discussion of methodology and through that has strongly influenced not only the way we go about things but also the outcomes that we have been able to achieve. The pioneering phase in the application of digital techniques in archaeological research has clearly been fruitful and today computer applications such as GIS, databases, remote sensing and spatial analysis as well as virtual and cyber archaeology are deeply embedded within our universities. This is all good, of course, but we must not assume that the task has been completed. An intrinsic revolutionary instinct towards technological development has been awakened. But it will only survive by virtue of the results that it brings about. Or using the words of our Chairman Prof Gary Lock: ‘Computers not only change the way we do things, but more importantly they change the way we think about what we do and why we do it’. The general thrust of this statement can be summed up and reinforced by recalling a quote from the philosopher Don Ihde, who has argued we should never forget that all technologies should be regarded as ‘cultural instruments’, which as well as strategies and methodologies implemented in our researches are also ‘non-neutral’. So KEEP THE REVOLUTION GOING! is a motto that lays stress on the need to maintain innovation in archaeology through technological advances. But innovation must have at its root the fostering of critical thought and the framing of new archaeological questions. So there is much work still to be done, and fresh challenges to be faced in the months, years and decades ahead. -from the introduction by Stefano Campana and Roberto Scopigno

Table of Contents

Introduction (Stefano Campana, Roberto Scopigno)

Introductory Speech (Professor Gabriella Piccinni)

CHAPTER 1: Teaching and Communicating Digital Archaeology

From the Excavation to the Scale Model: a Digital Approach (Hervé Tronchère, Emma Bouvard, Stéphane Mor, Aude Fernagu, Jules Ramona)

Teaching Digital Archaeology Digitally (Ronald Visser, Wilko van Zijverden, Pim Alders)

3D Archaeology Learning at the Paris 1 Pantheon Sorbonne University (François Djindjian)

How to Teach GIS to Archaeologists (Krzysztof Misiewicz, Wiesław Małkowski, Miron Bogacki, Urszula Zawadzka-Pawlewska, Julia M. Chyla)

Utilisation of a Game Engine for Archaeological Visualisation (Teija Oikarinen)

The Interplay of Digital and Traditional Craft: re-creating an Authentic Pictish Drinking Horn Fitting (Dr Mhairi Maxwell, Jennifer Gray, Dr Martin Goldberg)

Computer Applications for Multisensory Communication on Cultural Heritage (Lucia Sarti, Stefania Poesini, Vincenzo De Troia, Paolo Machetti)

Interactive Communication and Cultural Heritage (Tommaso Empler, Mattia Fabrizi)

Paleontology 2.0 - Public Awareness of Paleontological Sites Through New Technologies (Tommaso Empler, Fabio Quici, Luca Bellucci)

Lucus Feroniae and Tiber Valley Virtual Museum: from Documentation and 3d Reconstruction, Up to a Novel Approach in Storytelling, Combining Virtual Reality, Theatrical and Cinematographic Rules, Gesture-based Interaction and Augmented Perception of the Archaeological Context (Eva Pietroni, Daniele Ferdani, Augusto Palombini, Massimiliano Forlani, Claudio Rufa)

CHAPTER 2: Modelling the Archaeological Process

Principal Component Analysis of Archaeological Data (Juhana Kammonen, Tarja Sundell)

IT-assisted Exploration of Excavation Reports. Using Natural Language Processing in the Archaeological Research Process (Christian Chiarcos, Matthias Lang, Philip Verhagen)

A 3D Visual and Geometrical Approach to Epigraphic Studies. The Soli (Cyprus) Inscription as a Case Study (Valentina Vassallo, Elena Christophorou, Sorin Hermon, Lola Vico, Giancarlo Iannone)

Modelling the Archaeological Record: a Look from the Levant. Past and Future Approaches (Sveta Matskevich, Ilan Sharon)

3D Reconstitution of the Loyola Sugar Plantation and Virtual Reality Applications (Barreau J.B., Petit Q., Bernard Y., Auger R., Le Roux Y., Gaugne R., Gouranton V.)

Integrated Survey Techniques for the Study of an Archaeological Site of Medieval Morocco (Lorenzo Teppati Losè)

CHAPTER 3: Interdisciplinary Methods of Data Recording

3-Dimensional Archaeological Excavation of Burials Utilizing Computed Tomography Imaging (Tiina Väre, Sanna Lipkin, Jaakko Niinimäki, Sirpa Niinimäki, Titta Kallio-Seppä, Juho-Antti Junno, Milton Núñez, Markku Niskanen, Matti Heino, Annemari Tranberg, Saara Tuovinen, Rosa Vilkama, Timo Ylimaunu)

Palaeoenvironmental Records and Php Possibilities: Results and Perspectives on an Online Bioarcheological Database (Enora Maguet, Jean-Baptiste Barreau, Chantal Leroyer)

Integrated Methodologies for the Reconstruction of the Ancient City of Lixus (Morocco) (Cynthia Mascione, Rossella Pansini, Luca Passalacqua)

A Dig in the Archive. The Mertens Archive of Herdonia Excavations: from Digitisation to Communication (Giuliano De Felice, Andrea Fratta)

Archaeological and Physicochemical Approaches to the Territory: On-site Analysis and Multidisciplinary Databases for the Reconstruction of Historical Landscapes (Luisa Dallai, Alessandro Donati, Vanessa Volpi, Andrea Bardi)

Interdisciplinary Methods of Data Recording, Management and Preservation (Marta Lorenzon, Cindy Nelson-Viljoen)

Driving Engagement in Heritage Sites Using Personal Mobile Technology (Thom Corah, Douglas Cawthorne)

A Conceptual and Visual Proposal to Decouple Material and Interpretive Information About Stratigraphic Data (Patricia Martin-Rodilla, Cesar Gonzalez-Perez, Patricia Mañana-Borrazas)

Recording, Preserving and Interpreting a Medieval Archaeological Site by Integrating Different 3d Technologies (Daniele Ferdani, Giovanna Bianchi)

A 3D Digital Approach to Study, Analyse and (Re)Interpret Cultural Heritage: the Case Study of Ayia Irini (Cyprus and Sweden) (Valentina Vassallo)

CHAPTER 4: Linking Data

Beyond the Space: The LoCloud Historical Place Names Micro-Service (Rimvydas Laužikas, Ingrida Vosyliūtė, Justinas Jaronis)

Using CIDOC CRM for Dynamically Querying ArSol, a Relational Database, from the Semantic Web (Olivier Marlet, Stéphane Curet, Xavier Rodier, Béatrice Bouchou-Markhoff)

Connecting Cultural Heritage Data: The Syrian Heritage Project in the IT Infrastructure of the German Archaeological Institute (Sebastian Cuy, Philipp Gerth, Reinhard Förtsch)

The Labelling System: A Bottom-up Approach for Enriched Vocabularies in the Humanities (Florian Thiery, Thomas Engel)

Providing 3D Content to Europeana (Andrea D’Andrea)

How To Move from Relational to 5 Star Linked Open Data – A Numismatic Example (Karsten Tolle, David Wigg-Wolf)

Homogenization of the Archaeological Cartographic Data on a National Scale in Italy (Giovanni Azzena, Roberto Busonera, Federico Nurra, Enrico Petruzzi)

The GIS for the ‘Forma Italiae’ Project. From the GIS of the Ager Venusinus Project to the GIS of the Ager Lucerinus Project: Evolution of the System (Maria Luisa Marchi, Giovanni Forte)

GIS, an Answer to the Challenge of Preventive Archaeology? The Attempts of the French National Institute for Preventive Archaeology (Inrap) (Anne Moreau)

Dynamic Distributions in Macro and Micro Perspective (Espen Uleberg, Mieko Matsumoto)

CHAPTER 5: New Trends in 3D Archaeology

Hand-free Interaction in the Virtual Simulation of the Agora of Segesta (Riccardo Olivito, Emanuele Taccola, Niccolò Albertini)

Master-Hand Attributions of Classical Greek Sculptors by 3D-Analysis at Olympia - Some Preliminary Remarks (A. Patay-Horváth)

Using 3D Models to Analyse Stratigraphic and Sedimentological Contexts in Archaeo-Palaeo-Anthropological Pleistocene Sites (Gran Dolina Site, Sierra De Atapuerca) (I. Campaña, A. Benito-Calvo, A. Pérez-González, A. I. Ortega, J.M. Bermúdez de Castro, E. Carbonell)

Establishing Parameter Values for the Stone Erosion Process (Igor Barros Barbosa, Kidane Fanta Gebremariam, Panagiotis Perakis, Christian Schellewald, Theoharis Theoharis)

The New Trend of 3D Archaeology is… Going 2D! (Giuliano De Felice)

Documentation and Analysis Workflow for the On-going Archaeological Excavation with Image-Based 3D Modelling Technique: the Case-study of the Medieval Site of Monteleo, Italy (Giulio Poggi)

3D Technology Applied to Quantification Studies of Pottery: Eve 2.0 (Miguel Busto-Zapico, Miguel Carrero-Pazos)

3D Recording of Archaeological Excavation: the Case of Study of Santa Marta, Tuscany, Italy (Matteo Sordini, Francesco Brogi, Stefano Campana)

Visual Space, Defence, Control and Communication: Towers and Fortresses System of the Tuscan Coastal Belt and Islands (Michele De Silva)

CHAPTER 6: Integrating 3D Data

Photomodelling And Point Cloud Processing. Application in the Survey of the Roman Theatre of Uthina (Tunisia) Architectural Elements (Meriem Zammel)

Deconstructing Archaeological Palimpsests: Applicability of GIS Algorithms for the Automated Generation of Cross Sections (Miquel Roy Sunyer)

Pompeii, the Domus of Stallius Eros: a Comparison Between Terrestrial and Aerial Low-cost Surveys (Angela Bosco, Marco Barbarino, Rosario Valentini, Andrea D’Andrea)

Pottery Goes Digital. 3D Laser Scanning Technology and the Study of Archaeological Ceramics (Martina Revello Lami, Loes Opgenhaffen, Ivan Kisjes)

ARIADNE Visual Media Service: Easy Web Publishing of Advanced Visual Media (Federico Ponchio, Marco Potenziani, Matteo Dellepiane, Marco Callieri, Roberto Scopigno)

Mapping Archaeological Databases to CIDOC CRM (Martin Doerr, Maria Theodoridou, Edeltraud Aspöck, Anja Masur)

Scientific Datasets in Archaeological Research (Nikolaos A. Kazakis, Nestor C. Tsirliganis)

CHAPTER 7: Spatial Analysis: Theories, Questions and Methods

Fuzzy Classification of Gallinazo and Mochica Ceramics in the North Coast, Peru Using the Jaccard Coefficient (Kayeleigh Sharp)

Dynamics of the Settlement Pattern in the Aksum Area (800-400 Bc). an ABM Preliminary Approach (Martina Graniglia, Gilda Ferrandino, Antonella Palomba, Luisa Sernicola, Giuseppe Zollo, Andrea D’Andrea, Rodolfo Fattovich, Andrea Manzo)

An Application of Agent-Based Modelling and GIS in Minoan Crete (Angelos Chliaoutakis, Georgios Chalkiadakis, Apostolos Sarris)

Evaluating the Crisis: Population and Land Productivity in Late Medieval Salento, Italy (Giuseppe Muci)

When GIS Goes to the Countryside: Detecting and Interpreting Roman Orchards from the ‘Grand Palais’ (Drôme, France) (Christophe Landry, Bertrand Moulin)

GIS Applications and Spatial Analysis for the Survey of the Prehistoric Northern Apennine Context: the Case Study of the Mugello in Tuscany (Andrea Capecchi, Michele De Silva, Fabio Martini, Lucia Sarti)

The Statistics of Time-to-Event. Integrating the Bayesian Analysis of Radiocarbon Data and Event History Analysis Methods (Juan Antonio Barceló, Giacomo Capuzzo, Berta Morell, Katia Francesca Achino, Agueda Lozano)

Hypothesis Testing and Validation in Archaeological Networks (Peter Bikoulis)

Traveling Across Archaeological Landscapes: the Contribution of Hierarchical Communication Networks (Sylviane Déderix)

Dispersal Versus Optimal Path Calculation (Irmela Herzog)

Visibility Analysis and the Definition of the Ilergetian Territory: the Case of Montderes (Núria Otero Herraiz)

CHAPTER 8: Spatial Analysis: Predictivity and Postdictivity in Archaeology

Predictivity – Postdictivity: a Theoretical Framework (Antonia Arnoldus-Huyzendveld, Carlo Citter, Giovanna Pizziolo)

Predicting and Postdicting a Roman Road in the Pre-pyrenees Area of Lleida (Spain) (Antonio Porcheddu)

Predict and Confirm: Bayesian Survey and Excavation at Three Candidate Sites for Late Neolithic Occupation in Wadi Quseiba, Jordan (Philip M.N. Hitchings, Peter Bikoulis, Steven Edwards, Edward B. Banning)

Predicting Survey Coverage through Calibration: Sweep Widths and Survey in Cyprus and Jordan (Sarah T. Stewart, Edward B. Banning, Steven Edwards, Philip M.N. Hitchings, Peter Bikoulis)

Estimating The ‘Memory of Landscape’ to Predict Changes in Archaeological Settlement Patterns (Philip Verhagen, Laure Nuninger, Frédérique Bertoncello, Angelo Castrorao Barba)

On Their Way Home... A Network Analysis of Medieval Caravanserai Distribution in the Syrian Region, According to an 1D Approach (Augusto Palombini, Cinzia Tavernari)

Modelling Regional Landscape Through the Predictive and Postdictive Exploration of Settlement Choices: a Theoretical Framework (Emeri Farinetti)

Site Location Modelling and Prediction on Early Byzantine Crete: Methods Employed, Challenges Encountered (Kayt Armstrong, Christina Tsigonaki, Apostolos Sarris, Nadia Coutsinas)

Potential Paths and the Historical Road Network between Italy and Egypt: from the Predictive to the Postdictive Approach (Andrea Patacchini, Giulia Nicatore)

CHAPTER 9: Spatial Analysis: Occupation Floors and Palaeosurfaces in the Digital Era

Ritual use of Romito Cave During the Late Upper Palaeolithic: an Integrated Approach for Spatial Reconstruction (Michele De Silva, Giovanna Pizziolo, Domenico Lo Vetro, Vincenzo De Troia, Paolo Machetti, Enrico F. Ortisi, Fabio Martini)

Visualizing Occupation Features in Homogenous Sediments. Examples from the Late Middle Palaeolithic of Grotte De La Verpillière II, Burgundy, France (Jens Axel Frick)

A New Palaeolithic Burial From Grotta Del Romito (Calabria, Italy). A Digital Restitution (Francesco Enrico Ortisi, Domenico Lo Vetro, Giovanna Pizziolo, Michele De Silva, Claudia Striuli, Pier Francesco Fabbri, Fabio Martini)

Predicting the Accumulative Consequences of Abandonment Processes. Intra-site Analysis of Lakeside Settlements (Katia Francesca Achino, Juan Antonio Barceló, Micaela Angle)

Reconstructing the Boom of Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherer Population Size in Finland by Agent and Equation-Based Modelling (Tarja Sundell, Martin Heger, Juhana Kammonen)

Archaeology, Geomorphology and Palaeosurfaces Studies: a Multidisciplinary Approach for Understanding the Ancient Laos Territory (Vincenzo Amato, Cristiano Benedetto De Vita, Francesca Filocamo, Alfonso Santoriello, Francesco Uliano Scelza)

Intrasite Analysis in the Florentine Plain: from Data Integration to Palaeosurfaces Interpretation (Giovanna Pizziolo, Nicoletta Volante, Lucia Sarti)

Living in a Palaeoriverbed: Intra-site Analysis of Two Prehistoric Sites in the Florentine Alluvial Plain (Rosalba Aquino, Matteo Faraoni, Laura Morabito, Giovanna Pizziolo, Lucia Sarti)

Exploring Scenarios for the First Farming Expansion in the Balkans Via an Agent-based Model (Andrea Zanotti, Richard Moussa, Jérôme Dubouloz, Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel)

CHAPTER 10: Spatial Analysis: Data, Patterns and Process Interpretation

Strontium Isotope Analysis and Human Mobility from Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age in the Central Plain of China (Chunyan Zhao)

The Iron Age in Serakhs Oasis (Turkmenistan). The Preliminary Results of the Application of Geographic Information System in the Study of the Settlement Pattern of the Earliest Confirmed Occupation of the Oasis (Nazarij Buławka, Barbara Kaim)

Multi-Scale Approach for the Reconstruction of a Past Urban Environment. From Remote Sensing to Space Syntax: the Case of Dionysias (Fayum, Egypt) (Gabriella Carpentiero, Carlo Tessaro)

Enhancing GIS Urban Data with the 3rd Dimension: A Procedural Modelling Approach (Chiara Piccoli)

Structural Integrity Modelling of an Early Bronze Age Corridor House in Helike of Achaea, NW Peloponnese, Greece (Mariza Kormann, Stella Katsarou, Dora Katsonopoulou, Gary Lock)

Discovering Prehistoric Ritual Norms. A Machine Learning Approach (Stéphanie Duboscq, Joan Anton Barceló Álvarez, Katia Francesca Achino, Berta Morell Rovira, Florence Allièse, Juan Francisco Gibaja Bao)

Application of the ‘Bag of Words’ Model (bow) for Analysing Archaeological Potsherds (Diego Jiménez-Badillo, Edgar Roman-Rangel)

Autonomy in Marine Archaeology (Øyvind Ødegård, Stein M. Nornes, Martin Ludvigsen, Thijs J. Maarleveld, Asgeir J. Sørensen)

Identifying Patterns on Prehistoric Wall Paintings: a New Curve Fitting Approach (Michail Panagopoulos, Dimitris Arabadjis, Panayiotis Rousopoulos, Michalis Exarhos, Constantin Papaodysseus)

Pottery Studies of the 4th-Century Necropolis at Bârlad-Valea Seacă, Romania (Vlad-Andrei Lăzărescu, Vincent Mom)

A Bridge to Digital Humanities: Geometric Methods and Machine Learning for Analysing Ancient Script in 3D (Hubert Mara, Bartosz Bogacz)

CHAPTER 11: Remote Sensing: Computational Imaging Advances and Sensor Data Integration

The Possibilities of the Aerial Lidar for the Detection of Galician Megalithic Mounds (NW of the Iberian Peninsula). The Case of Monte De Santa Mariña, Lugo (Miguel Carrero-Pazos, Benito Vilas-Estévez)

Reflectance Transformation Imaging Beyond the Visible: Ultraviolet Reflected and Ultraviolet Induced Visible Fluorescence (E. Kotoula)

Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa: Introducing the EAMENA Project (Robert Bewley, Andrew Wilson, David Kennedy, David Mattingly, Rebecca Banks, Michael Bishop, Jennie Bradbury, Emma Cunliffe, Michael Fradley, Richard Jennings, Robyn Mason, Louise Rayne, Martin Sterry, Nichole Sheldrick, Andrea Zerbini)

Enhancing Multi-Image Photogrammetric 3d Reconstruction Performance on Low-Feature Surfaces (George Ioannakis, Anestis Koutsoudis, Blaž Vidmar, Fotis Arnaoutoglou, Christodoulos Chamzas)

Combination of RTI and Decorrelation — an Approach to the Examination of Badly Preserved Rock Inscriptions and Rock Art at Gebelein (Egypt) (Piotr Witkowski, Julia M. Chyla, Wojciech Ejsmond)

Geophysical-Archaeological Experiments in Controlled Conditions at the Hydrogeosite Laboratory (CNR-IMAA) (Felice Perciante, Luigi Capozzoli L., Antonella Caputi, Gregory De Martino, Valeria Giampaolo, Raffaele Luongo, Enzo Rizzo)

Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage in 6Ds: the Interdisciplinary Connections (Anna Bentkowska-Kafel, Julio M. del Hoyo Melendez, Lindsay W. MacDonald, Aurore Mathys, Vera Moitinho de Almeida)

Integrating Low Altitude with Satellite and Airborne Aerial Images: Photogrammetric Documentation of Early Byzantine Settlements in Crete (Gianluca Cantoro, Christina Tsigonaki, Kayt Armstrong, Apostolos Sarris)

Creating 3D Replicas of Medium- to Large-Scale Monuments for Web-Based Dissemination Within the Framework of the 3D-Icons Project (Anestis Koutsoudis, Fotios Arnaoutoglou, Vasilios Liakopoulos, Athanasios Tsaouselis, George Ioannakis, Christodoulos Chamzas)

The Lidoriki Project: Low Altitude, Aerial Photography, GIS, and Traditional Survey in Rural Greece (Todd Brenningmeyer, Kostis Kourelis, Miltiadis Katsaros)

A Fully Integrated UAV System for Semi-automated Archaeological Prospection (Matthias Lang, Thorsten Behrens, Karsten Schmidt, Dieta Svoboda, Conrad Schmidt)

Stereo Visualization of Historical Aerial Photos as a Valuable Tool for Archaeological Research (Anders Hast, Andrea Marchetti)

CHAPTER 12: Open Source and Open Data

Strati5 - Open Mobile Software for Harris Matrix (Jerzy Sikora, Jacek Sroka, Jerzy Tyszkiewicz)

Archaeology as Community Enterprise (Néhémie Strupler)

Digital Resources for Archaeology. The Contribution of the On-Line Projects by Isma-Cnr (Alessandra Caravale, Alessandra Piergrossi)

A Swabian in the Orient. In the Footsteps of Julius Euting (Matthias Lang, Manuel Abbt, Gerlinde Bigga, Jason T. Herrmann, Virginia Hermann, Kevin Körner, Fabian Schwabe, Dieta Svoboda)

GQBWiki Goes Open (Stefano Costa, Alessandro Carabia)

Archaeological Contents: from Open Access to Open Data (Aurélie Monteil, Viviane Boulétreau)

CHAPTER 13: Computers and Rock Art Studies

Archaeoacoustics of Rock Art: Quantitative Approaches to the Acoustics and Soundscape of Rock Art (Margarita Díaz-Andreu, Tommaso Mattioli)

Photometric Stereo 3D Visualizations of Rock-Art Panels, Bas-Reliefs, and Graffiti (Massimo Vanzi, Paolo Emilio Bagnoli, Carla Mannu, Giuseppe Rodriguez)

SIVT – Processing, Viewing, and Analysis of 3D Scans of the Porthole Slab and Slab B2 of Züschen I (Stefanie Wefers, Tobias Reich, Burkhard Tietz, Frank Boochs)

Digital Practices for the Study of the Great Rock in the Naquane National Park, Valcamonica, Italy: from Graphic Rendering to Figure Cataloguing (Andrea Arcà)

Real-time 3D Modelling of the Cultural Heritage: the Forum of Nerva in Rome (Tommaso Empler, Barbara Forte, Emanuele Fortunati)

Mediated Representations After Laser Scanning. The Monastery of Aynalı and the Architectural Role of Red Pictograms (Carlo Inglese, Marco Carpiceci, Fabio Colonnese)

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