Death in Mycenaean Lakonia (17th to 11th c. BC): A Silent Place [Hardback]

Chrysanthi Gallou(Author)

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ISBN: 9781789252422 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2019 | Language: English 288p, H11 x W8.5, approx. 550 drawings, images and maps,
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Death in Mycenaean Lakonia (17th to 11th c. BC)

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A Silent Place: Death in Mycenaean Lakonia is the first book-length systematic study of the Late Bronze Age (LBA) burial tradition in south-eastern Peloponnese, Greece, and the first to comprehensively present and discuss all Mycenaean tombs and funerary contexts excavated and/or simply reported in the region from the 19th century to present day. The book will discuss and reconstruct the emergence and development of the Mycenaean mortuary tradition in Lakonia by examining the landscape of death, the burial architecture, the funerary and post-funerary customs and rituals, and offering patterns over a longue durée.

The author proposes patterns of continuity from the Middle Bronze Age (even the Early Bronze Age in terms of burial architecture) to the LBA and, equally important, from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age,and reconstructs diachronic processes of invention of tradition and identity in Mycenaean communities, on the basis of tomb types and their material culture. The text highlights the social, political and economic history of Late Bronze Age Lakonia from the evolution of the Mycenaean civilisation and the establishment of palatial administration in the Spartan vale, to the demise of Mycenaean culture and the turbulent post–collapse centuries, as reflected by the burial offerings.

The book also brings to publication the chamber tombs at Epidavros Limera that remained largely unpublished since their excavation in the 1930s and 1950s. Epidavros Limera was one of the most important prehistoric coastal sites in prehistoric southern Greece (early 3rd–late 4th millennium BC), and one of the main harbour towns of the Mycenaean administrative centres of central Lakonia. It is one of very few Mycenaean sites that flourished uninterruptedly from the emergence of the Mycenaean civilisation until after the collapse of the palatial administration and into the transition to the Early Iron Age. The present study of the funerary architecture and of the pottery from the tombs suggests that the site was responsible for the introduction of the chamber tomb type on the Greek mainland in the latest phase of the Middle Bronze Age (definitely no later than the transitional Middle Bronze Age/Late Bronze Age period), and not in the early phase of the Late Bronze Age (Late Helladic I) as previously assumed.

Table of Contents

Preface (by Professor Bill Cavanagh) Preface and Acknowledgements List of illustrations List of tables Introduction Chapter 1 – Chronicle of explorations of the LBA Chapter 2 – Before the Mycenaeans Chapter 3 – The location of the graves Chapter 4 – Architecture Chapter 5 – Burial customs and funerary rites Chapter 6 – Material Culture Chapter 7 – Epilogue Appendix: The development of early Epidavros Limera in historical times (late 10th c. BC to Roman times) Bibliography and Abbreviations

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