Artemis and Her Cult [Paperback]

Ruth M. Léger(Author)

ISBN: 9781784915506 | Published by: Archaeopress Archaeology | Year of Publication: 2017 | 184p, H11.5 x W8, Illustrated throughout in color and black & white
Status: In Stock - Available

Artemis and Her Cult


Greek sanctuaries are among the best known archaeological sites in ancient Greece. However, after over 150 years of excavations and research we know surprisingly little about some of their aspects, such as the rituals enacted in the sanctuary, the nature of original local deities and how aspects of their character were assimilated into those of the Olympians, why sanctuaries were established in certain places, and how to determine who the sanctuary was established for when no epigraphical material is present. Artemis and Her Cult provides a first attempt to bring together archaeological and literary sources from two main Artemis sanctuaries, hoping to contribute to a clearer picture of her cult. An account of Artemis’ different characters describes her as a mother of gods, a goddess of wilderness, animals and hunt; a goddess of birth, infants and children (and young animals); as well as a goddess of youth and marriage and rites of passage. These descriptions are followed by an up-to-date account of the archaeological record of the sanctuaries of Artemis Orthia at Sparta and Artemis Ephesia at Ephesus. For the comparison the site of Athena Alea at Tegea is examined. The three accounts offer a full study of the architectural development and the range of artefacts made of different materials. The varied character is Artemis are further analysed by looking at the archaeology relating to the cult and the rites of passage taking place at the sites. The rites of passage are reconstructed by using the literary accounts.

Table of Contents



1. Introduction

2. Artemis

3. Archaeology Related to Cult Activity

4. Common Features

5. Cult Activity

6. Artemis and Her Cult

Final conclusion


Artemis and Her Cult – Appendices: Appendix 1: A Summary of the Three Main Attic Cult Sites for Artemis

Appendix 2: Votive Objects Found at Artemis Orthia, Sparta

Appendix 3: Votive objects found at Artemis Ephesia, Ephesus

Appendix 4: Dawkins’ 1910 and 1907 Excavation Plans. Dawkins 1929

Appendix 5: Modern Overview of Artemis Orthia Site, Sparta

Appendix 6: Comparison of Dating by Dawkins and Boardman

Appendix 7: Inscription by Soixiadas Arikrateos

Appendix 8: Table of Masks Found at Artemis Orthia, Sparta

Appendix 9: Examples of the Masks from the Spartan Museum of Archaeology

Appendix 10: Wrinkled Masks: Same or Different Category?

Appendix 11: The Origin of Masks

Appendix 12: Lead Figurines

Appendix 13: Plans of the different phases of the architecture at the site of Artemis Ephesia

Appendix 14: Modern overview of Artemis Ephesia site, Ephesus

Appendix 15: Ephesian Coins (BC unless otherwise stated)

Appendix 16: Artemis Ephesia Statues and their Features Tabled Based on Plate Numbers Fleischer 1973

Appendix 17: Plan of the Temple of Alea Athena, Tegea

Appendix 18: The Legend of Telephos

Appendix 19: Votive Objects Found at Alea Athena, Tegea

Appendix 20: Common features at sanctuaries of Artemis at Sparta, Ephesus, Brauron and Athena at Tegea

Appendix 21: krateriskoi depicting clothed females

Appendix 22: krateriskoi depicting naked females

Appendix 23: krateriskoi depicting musical instruments

Appendix 24: krateriskos showing a bear-like figure

Reviews & Quotes

""These conclusions make the volume of the Léger very appreciable not only in a perspective of historical-archaeological studies, but also historical-religious.""

Bryn Mawr Classical Review (July 2019)

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