Stone Tools in the Ancient Near East and Egypt: Ground stone tools, rock-cut installations and stone vessels from Prehistory to Late Antiquity [Paperback]

Andrea Squitieri(Author); David Eitam(Author)

ISBN: 9781789690606 | Published by: Archaeopress Archaeology | Series: Archaeopress Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology | Volume: 4 | Year of Publication: 2019 | 378p, H11.5 x W8, Illustrated throughout in color and black & white
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Stone Tools in the Ancient Near East and Egypt


‘Stone Tools in the Ancient Near East and Egypt: Ground stone tools, rock-cut installations and stone vessels from Prehistory to Late Antiquity’ is about groundstone tools, stone vessels, and devices carved into rock throughout the Near East and Egypt from Prehistory to the late periods. These categories of objects have too often been overlooked by archaeologists, despite their frequent occurrence in the archaeological record. Most importantly, a careful study of these tools reveals crucial insights into ancient societies. From the procuring of raw materials to patterns of use and discard, they provide us with a wealth of information about the activities they were involved in and how these activities were organised. These tools reveal patterns in the trade of both raw materials and finished products, inform us about economic aspects of food production and consumption, cast light on industrial activities, help establish intercultural connections, and offer hints about the relationship between sites and their environment. The aim of this book is to explore all aspects of these ubiquitous tools and to stimulate debate about the new methodologies needed to approach this material.

Table of Contents

Introduction – by David Eitam and Andrea Squitieri

Methodology and Classification

The archaeology of discard and abandonment: presence and absence in the ground stone assemblage from Early Neolithic Bestansur, Iraqi Kurdistan – by David Mudd

Survey of Rock-Cut Installations at Tel Bareqet (Israel): Food Processor devices in Epipaleolithic, PPNA and the Early Bronze – by David Eitam

Ayn Asil and Elephantine (Egypt): remarks on classification and function of ground stone implements – by Clara Jeuthe

Documentation: Non-Archaeological and Archaeological Sources in Comparison

Mill-songs. The soundscape of collective grinding in the Bronze and Iron Age Near East and eastern Mediterranean – by Luca Bombardieri

Rotary Querns and the Presentation of the Past – by Jennie Ebeling

Bourgul in Talmudic and Classical Literature, and Today – by Rafael Frankel

Wine and oil presses in the Roman to Late Antique Near East and Mediterranean: Balancing textual and archaeological evidence – by Tamara Lewit and Paul Burton

Raw Material and Manufacture

Tool marks on Old Kingdom limestone vessels from Abusir – production of canopic jars and model vessels – by Lucie Jirásková

Raw material variety and acquisition of the EB III ground stone assemblage of Tell es-Safi/Gath (Israel) – by Jeremy A. Beller, Haskel J. Greenfield, Mostafa Fayek, Itzhaq Shai, and Aren M. Maeir

Function and Uses

The ground stone assemblage from the Early Bronze Age I site Wadi Fidan 4: Gender aspects – by Yael Abadi-Reiss, Mohammad Najjar and Thomas E. Levy

Cereal processing in stone agri-technological system at late Natufian Huzuq Musa in the Jordan Valley – by David Eitam

Cuboid-Spheroid Stone Object – an Archaic Scale Weight – Public Weighting-Systems in Iron Age Israel – by David Eitam

Groundstone Tools from Site 35 – an Early Iron Age Copper Smelting Site in the Timna Valley (Israel) – by Aaron Greener and Erez Ben-Yosef

The Iron Age stone tool assemblage of Gird-i Bazar, in the Kurdish Autonomous Region of Iraq – by Andrea Squitieri

Sites and Tools

Macrolithics and the on-going use of stone tools in Qantir-Piramesse and Tell el-Dabʿa-Avaris, Eastern Delta/Egypt – by Silvia Prell

Millstones, Mortars, and Stone Bowls from Tel Dover and the Southern Levant – by Refael Frankel

Stone Tools of the Iron Age Ein Gev and their Implication. The Japanese Excavation Project – by David Eitam

Selenite (gypsum) from the North Sinai collection: likely function and technology of production – by Joan S. Schneider, David Valentine, Avraham Gabay, and Eliezer D. Oren

The stone tools and vessels from Tel Miqne-Ekron: a report on the Bronze and Iron Ages – by Ianir Milevski

El-Khirba: Food processing and other ground stone tools from a Roman, Abbasid and Mamluk period site near Nes Ziyyona, Israel – by Erez Adama, Uzi ‘Ad and Danny Rosenberg

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