The Shepherd, the Volk, and the Middle Class: Transformations of Pastoral in German-Language Writing, 1750-1850 [Hardback]

Elystan Griffiths(Author)

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ISBN: 9781640140646 | Published by: Camden House | Series: Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture | Volume: Volume 210 | Year of Publication: 2020 | 302p, H9 x W6,
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The Shepherd, the Volk, and the Middle Class

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European pastoral tradition traces its roots to Theocritus's "Idylls" and Virgil's "Eclogues," which portrayed the lives of herdsmen pursuing love and art. While the lives of shepherds, or of country folk generally, remains the ostensible subject of pastoral, Griffiths argues that in the German context after 1750 its central concerns were those of an emergent, nationally minded, creative middle class. These concerns became increasingly urgent in the face of the upheaval of the French Revolution, and the need to respond to the rise of capitalist modernity. The Shepherd, the Volk, and the Middle Class traces how pastoral was transformed between in the work of major German-language authors, including Gessner, "Maler" Müller, J.H. Voss, Goethe, Kleist, Mörike, and Nestroy, into a vehicle for serious moral, political, and social questions. Debates raged about whether present-day shepherds were fit to appear in literature, or whether the objects of pastoral should, rather, be the idealized shepherds of Arcadian prehistory or of early Biblical times. Pastoral was thus bound up with cultural and political questions surrounding the relationships between the classes, the state of the peasantry, the nature of art, and most fundamentally the social constraints of the thinking subject amid the emancipatory promise of the Enlightenment.

Elystan Griffiths is Senior Lecturer at the University of Birmingham. He has published extensively on late eighteenth- and early nineteenth century literature, particularly on La Roche, Lenz, and Kleist.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Pastoral as a Way of Not Looking at the Country
Pastoral in the Enlightenment: Salomon Gessner's Idylls
"Wo giebts dann Schäfer wie diese?": Friedrich "Maler" Müller's Idylls of Cultural Renewal
Johann Heinrich Voss's Experiments with an Enlightened Idyll
Goethe and Schiller's Engagements with Pastoral: Facing the Post-Revolutionary World
Heinrich von Kleist: The Promises and Illusions of Pastoral
Pastoral in the Age of Capital: Eduard Mörike and Johann Nestroy
Conclusion

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