Conflict Landscapes: An Archaeology of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War [Paperback]

Salvatore Garfi(Author)

ISBN: 9781789691344 | Published by: Archaeopress Archaeology | Year of Publication: 2019 | 1 | H9.75 x W7,
Status: Not Yet Published - Available for pre-order

Conflict Landscapes: An Archaeology of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War


This book is an archaeological exploration of the conflict landscapes encountered by volunteers of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39. A great deal is known about the Brigades in terms of inter-world war geopolitics, their history and make-up. But less is known about the materiality of the landscapes in which they lived, fought, and died. The Spanish Civil War was a relatively static conflict. As in the First World War, it consisted of entrenched Republican government lines facing similarly entrenched Nationalist (rebel) lines, and these ran north to south across Spain. Fighting was intermittent, so the frontline soldiers had to settle in, and make what was an attritional war-scape, a place to live in and survive. This research examines one such war-scape as a place of ‘settlement’, where soldiers lived their daily lives as well as confronting the rigours of war – and these were the volunteers of the International Brigades, both foreign and Spanish, who occupied a section of lines southeast of Zaragoza in Aragón in 1937 and 1938. This research draws, not only on the techniques of landscape archaeology, but also on the writings of international volunteers in Spain—in particular, George Orwell—and it incorporates historical photography as a uniquely analytical, archaeological resource.

Table of Contents

List of Figures



Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: The Spanish Civil War


Chapter 3: On Trenches and Field Fortifications

Chapter 4: Trench Systems as Settlement Archaeology: The Salient at Mediana de Aragón


Chapter 5: Experiencing the Mediana Lines

Chapter 6: An Archaeology from Photographs: Imaging the Aragón Front Lines

Chapter 7: History in ‘Three Dimensions’

Appendix: Tables


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