Archaeology of the Ionian Sea: Landscapes, seascapes and the circulation of people, goods and ideas from the Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age [Hardback]

Christina Souyoudzoglou-Haywood(Editor); Christina Papoulia(Editor)

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ISBN: 9781789256734 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2022 | 224p, H11 x W8.5, B/w
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Archaeology of the Ionian Sea


Presents a thematic collection of papers dealing with the Stone Age and Bronze Age archaeology of the Ionian Sea, situated off the south western Balkan peninsula. It is based on an international conference held in Athens, Greece in January 2020.

The eastern Ionian occupies a geographically complex area, which since the Pleistocene has undergone significant alterations due to tectonic activity and sea-level fluctuations. This dynamic environment, where islands, mainland, and sea intertwined to present different landscapes and seascapes to the human communities exploring the region at different times in the past, provides an ideal setting for their study from a diachronic perspective.

This book deals thematically with the processes of circulation of people, materials, artifacts and ideas by examining patterns of settlement, burial and multi-layered interconnections between the different communities via land and sea. It investigates aspects of regional and interregional communication, isolation, collective memory and the creation of distinct identities within and between different cultural and social groups. It focuses on the islands of the Central Ionian Sea, offering new data from excavations and surveys on Zakynthos, Kefalonia, Ithaki and the smaller islands of the Inner Ionian Archipelago between Lefkada and Akarnania. The cultural interchange between the islands and the continental coasts is reflected in the volume with the addition of chapters dealing with contemporary sites in west Greece and southeast Italy.

The Ionian, often regarded as 'at the fringes' of the Aegean, the Balkan and the central Mediterranean archaeological discourse, has lately offered new and exciting data that not only enrich but also alter our perceptions of mobility, settlement and interaction. The collection of papers in this book enhances theoretical discussions by offering a geographically and culturally comparative approach, ranging from the earliest Palaeolithic evidence of human presence in the region to the end of the Bronze Age.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction. C. Haywood, C. Papoulia

2. Comparative perspectives in Island Archaeology: A view from the Ionian Sea. Helen Dawson


3. Use of geoscience to understand the palaeogeographic development of Livadi Marsh, Paliki: implications for the detection of an ancient harbour and anthropogenic settlement. P. Styles, G. Apostolopoulos, J. Underhill, J. Crawshaw, O. Vikatou, E. Papafloratou

4. Climate and environment of the Ionian Islands. From the first human impact to the Protogeometric period. M.K. Kalisch


5. Palaeolithic chipped stone assemblages from Zakynthos, Ionian Islands. S. Ligkovanlis, G. Kourtessi-Philippakis

6. Tracing Middle Palaeolithic land and sea routes in the central Ionian Sea. C. Papoulia, N. Galanidou, C. Souyoudzoglou-Haywood

7. The Sidari lithic sequence in context: past and present perspectives. G. Kourtessi-Philippakis

8. Prehistoric settlement in the Choirotrypa Cave on Lefkas. K. Zachos, N. Galanidou

9. Prehistoric settlement in the Inner Ionian Sea Archipelago and its Ionian Archipelago connections. N. Galanidou, O. Vikatou, M. Gatsi, A. Vasilakis, C. Morgan, J. Forsén, V. Staikou, C. Papoulia, P. Zervoudakis

10. Beyond the horizon. Stone artefacts and social networks in Late Neolithic Drakaina Cave, Kefalonia Island. G. Stratouli, T. Bekiaris, V. Melfos

11. Lithics as diachronic proxies for the circulation of people and ideas in the dynamic Ionian landscape. C. Papoulia


12. Early Bronze Age settlement remains on the island of Kefalonia. The case of Sami. A. Sotiriou

13. The Early and Middle Bronze Age in the Ionian Sea. New evidence from the island of Zakynthos. G.J. van Wijngaarden, N. Pieters, C. Wiersma

14. The ellipsoid Megaron at Tzannata, near Poros, Kefalonia. New evidence for the Late Bronze Age in Kefalonia and the Ionian Islands. A. Vasilakis, T. Pefani

15. Diverging trajectories within the western Mycenaean koine: the case of Kefalonia. O. Metaxas

16. Migrants, refugees and social restructuring in Late Helladic Kefalonia. I. Voskos

17. Islands in the stream. A maritime perspective of the central Ionian Islands in the Late Bronze Age. C. Souyoudzoglou-Haywood

18. ‘Archaeological Shoreline Research’ on the cultural semantics of coasts: the promontory of Kapros, SE Kefalonia, in the Bronze Age. E. Yiannouli

19. Aetoloacarnania and the Ionian Sea in the Bronze Age: A history of interaction. V. Lanaras

20. Reconstructing paths of interregional communications: the LH IIIB-C handmade incised pottery of the Ionian Islands. M. Cultraro

21. The Ionian-Adriatic interface as a landscape of mobility. F. Iacono, W. de Neef

22. The nature of warfare in Western Greece and the Ionian Islands during the Late Bronze Age. Th. J. Papadopoulos

23. Making pots in no clay's land: The communal ceramic traditions of prehistoric Ithaca. A. Pentedeka, C. Morgan and Andreas Sotiriou

24. Homeric questions on Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Ionian revisited. V. L. Aravantinos

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