The Death of Archaeological Theory? [Paperback]

John Bintliff(Editor); Mark Pearce(Editor)

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ISBN: 9781842174463 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Series: Oxbow Insights in Archaeology | Volume: 1 | Year of Publication: 2011 | Language: English 96p, 9 b/w illus
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The Death of Archaeological Theory?


The Death of Archaeological Theory? addresses the provocative subject of whether it is time to discount the burden of somewhat dogmatic theory and ideology that has defined archaeological debate and shaped archaeology over the last 25 years. Seven chapters meet this controversial subject head on, also assessing where archaeological theory is now, and future directions.
John Bintliff questions what theory is and argues that archaeologists should be freed from 'Ideopraxists', or those who preach that a single approach or model is right to the exclusion of all others. Marc Pluciennik again questions what we mean by archaeological theory and argues that the role of intellectual fashion is underestimated. He predicts pressure from outside archaeology to redirect our dominant theories towards genetic and human impact theory. Kristian Kristiansen argues that theory cannot die, but it can change direction and sees signs of a retreat from the present postmodern and postprocessual cycle towards a more science based, rationalistic cycle of revived modernity. To Mark Pearce the most striking thing about the present state of archaeological theory is that there is no emerging paradigm to be discerned; he proposes that Theory is not dead, but has instead become more eclectic and nuanced.
Two papers offer a different perspective from other areas of the world; Alexander Gramsch examines the issue from the German tradition and shows that in Central and Eastern Europe not only has Anglo-American Theory had limited impact, but current discussions on the future of method and theory offer a broader view of the discipline in which older traditions are seen to form the foundation. Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus demonstrate that American archaeologists do not foresee the death of a genuinely archaeological theory (which they believe has never existed) but fear the real catastrophe would be the death of anthropological theory, because some anthropology today has become decidedly antiscientific, rejecting not only the controlled comparison and contrast of cultures, but also the use of generalization, both of which are crucial to theories and models and without which the longue durée will always be invisible.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction (John Bintliff and Mark Pearce)
2. The Death of Archaeological Theory? (John Bintliff)
3. A New World Perspective on the ‘Death’ of Archaeological Theory (Kent V. Flannery and Joyce Marcus)
4. Theory, Fashion, Culture (Mark Pluciennik)
5. Theory in Central European Archaeology: Dead or Alive? (Alexander Gramsch)
6. Theory does not die it changes direction (Kristian Kristiansen)
7. Have Rumours of the ‘Death of Theory’ been exaggerated? (Mark Pearce)

Reviews & Quotes

"Entertaining and well written, this work contains a wealth of easily accessible information, delivered with a light touch by the contributors who draw on extensive sources. Is archaeological theory dead? Not if it continues to be debated in this fashion.'"
Caitlin McCall
Current World Archaeology (Issue 49, December 2011)

"'one of the most provocative collections I have read in years.'"
Adrian Praetzellis
European Journal of Archaeology (15, 2012)

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