Financing the Raj: The City of London and Colonial India, 1858-1940 [Hardback]

David Sunderland(Author)

ISBN: 9781843837954 | Published by: Boydell Press | Year of Publication: 2013 | Language: English 256p, H9.25 x W6.25, 15 line drawing
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Financing the Raj


This book explores the financial relationship between the Indian government, as represented by the India Office, and the City of London during the period of direct British rule. The universally accepted view is that the Office acted in the interests of the City and to the detriment of India. Financing the Raj disputes this conclusion. It argues that India was a constituent part of the City, contributing to and benefitting from its operation through the formation of close symbiotic and trust relationships, the exchange of gifts, the recycling of funds, and, perhaps most significantly, the support of the gold standard.
The book examines the Office's activities from a British and practical perspective. In the first part, the issue and sale/purchase on the London market of Indian government debt is explored. Next, the author discusses the purchase of silver and the 'scandal' of 1912, when the award of a major contract to the family firm of the Under Secretary of State for India led to accusations of cronyism and fraud. The finance of Indian trade, the management of exchange rates and the transfer from India to London of the money needed to meet the Indian government's UK commitments are then investigated. The book concludes with an analysis of the Office's investment role and its management of the three cash reserves held in the capital.
Financing the Raj overturns many myths, demonstrating that those involved in Indian finance did work in the best interests of India and were well aware of the close interrelationship between Indian finance, the City of London and the wider British economy. It will be of interest both to historians of empire and historians of finance.

DAVID SUNDERLAND is Reader in Business History at the University of Greenwich and the author of four monographs and numerous articles on the economic history of London, British Imperialism and nineteenth-century social capital. He is also Series and Collection editor of Pickering & Chatto's Britain and Africa series of source monographs.

Table of Contents

The Issue of Government Loans: Purpose, Location of Issue and Purchasers
The Issue of Government Loans: Demand
The Issue of Government Loans: Yields, Assets and Repatriation
Other London Debt
The Purchase of Silver and Other Currency Activities
The Finance of Indian Trade
Council Bills: Purpose and Nature
Council Bills: Price
Indian Government Difficulties in Cashing Bills and Other Methods of Remittance
Gold Standard and Paper Currency Reserves
Home Balances
Appendix 1: The Recyling of Funds
Appendix 2: Finance of Indian Trade

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