Archaeological Survey and the City [Paperback]

Paul Johnson (Editor); Martin Millett (Editor)

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ISBN: 9781842175095 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Series: University of Cambridge Museum of Classical Archaeology Monograph | Volume: 2 | Year of Publication: 2012 | Language: English 288p, 275 illus.

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Archaeological Survey and the City


In the past 30 years archaeological field survey has become central to the practice of Classical Archaeology. During this time, approaches have developed from the systematic collection of artefacts to include the routine deployment of various geophysical and remote sensing techniques. The ability of archaeologists to reveal the topography of buried urban sites without excavation has now been demonstrated through a wide range of projects across the ancient world. Archaeological Survey and the City reviews the results of such projects and in particular discusses the ways in which the subject might develop in the future, with an emphasis on the integration of different strands of evidence and issues of archaeological interpretation rather than on the technicalities of particular methodologies. Several themes emerge from the fourteen papers. The first is the increasing number of large-area surveys providing data at a sufficient scale to make a significant contribution to our understanding of classical cities both in the Mediterranean and beyond (eg Baelo Claudia, Caistor-by-Norwich, Xanten, Ammaia). The second theme is the generation of new types of data through the application of specific techniques to address particular questions pertaining to urban life, for instance in identifying particular industrial processes such as metal-working (eg Munigua, Wroxeter) or the increasing success in isolating cemeteries (eg Silchester). The techniques involved in identifying these phenomena complement the use of geochemical survey to characterise particular soil properties related to animal husbandry, cultivation or the creation of domestic waste deposits (eg Faleri Veteres), an area which has considerable future potential. A third theme lies in the application and integration of multiple techniques to provide new dimensions to the information available. The data from a number of survey projects have demonstrated that a single survey technique will rarely, if ever, reveal all of the potential information so there is a significant benefit to be derived from applying multiple survey-strategies to the questions being asked of a site. These themes emphasise the dynamism of research in this area, which continues to revolutionise the study of ancient cities.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

1. Introduction (Paul Johnson and Martin Millett)

Approaches and Methods
2. Conceptualising Townscapes: Perceptions of Urbanism and their Influence on Archaeological Survey Strategies (Paul Johnson)
3. Understanding Roman Towns in Italy: Reflections on the Role of Geophysical Survey (Martin Millett)
4. Rethinking the Spectrum – The Digital (R)Evolution in Archaeological Aerial Reconnaissance (Geert J. Verhoeven )

Surface Collection
5. Collecting Cities: some Problems and Prospects (Todd Whitelaw)
6. Re-Evaluating a Forgotten Town using Intra-Site Surveys and the GIS Analysis of Surface Ceramics: Philosophianis-Sofiana (Sicily) in the Longue Durée (Emanuelle Vaccaro)
7. Tinkering with Urban Survey Data. How Many Sagalassos-es do we Have? (Jeroen Poblome, Rinse Willet, Nalan Fırat, Femke Martens and Philip Bes)

Integrating Geophysics
8. Amara West: Remote Ssensing at a Pharaonic Town in Northern Sudan (Neal Spencer and Sophie Hay)
9. Long-term Integrated Archaeological Prospection at the Roman Town of Carnuntum/Austria (Wolfgang Neubauer, Michael Doneus, Immo Trinks, Geert Verhoeven, Alois Hinterleitner, Sirri Seren, Klaus Löcker)
10. Integrating Aerial Photography, Historical Cartography, Archaeological Excavations and Geophysical Survey on the Roman Colony of Mariana (Corsica, France) (Cristina Corsi)
11. Fluxgate Gradiometer and GPR Survey to Locate and Characterize the Perimeter, Early Imperial Centre and Street Network of the Roman Town Mariana (Corsica) (Lieven Verdonck)
12. Surveying the Townscape of Roman Trea (Picenum) (Frank Vermeulen, Bozidar Slapšak and Dimitrij Mlekuž)
13. Geophysical Survey of the City of Gabii, Italy (Stephen Kay)
14. Challenges of Port Landscapes. Integrating Geophysics, Open Area Excavation and Computer Graphic Visualisation at Portus and the Isola Sacra (Simon Keay, Graeme Earl, Gareth Beale, Nathan Davis, Jessica Ogden and Kristian Strutt, with Fabrizio Felici, Martin Millett, Stephen Kay and Roberta Cascino)

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