Flora Trade between Egypt and Africa in Antiquity [Paperback]

Ilaria Incordino (Editor); Pearce Paul Creasman (Editor)

ISBN: 9781785706363 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2017 | Language: English 112p, H240 x W170 (mm) b/w and colour

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Flora Trade between Egypt and Africa in Antiquity


In recent decades, study of the ancient Egyptian natural world and its classification has adopted innovative approaches involving new technologies of analysis and a multidisciplinary general view. This collection of papers focuses on one particularly important aspect of foreign trade: the importation of aromatic products. Contributors present the results of the latest researches into the origin and meaning of foreign aromatic products imported in Egypt from the south (Nubia, Punt, Arabia, Horn of Africa) from the beginning of the Dynastic period. The quest for aromata has been of a crucial importance in Egypt, since it was closely connected with economic, political, ideological, religious and mythic spheres. Through archaeological research, epigraphic analysis and iconographic investigations new evidence is explored supporting the most likely hypothesis about the sources of these raw materials. The study of related documents has revealed possible linguistic links between ancient Egyptian and other African ancient languages, and a strong link between aromata and the divine world through the creation of many Egyptian myths. The references to some specific aromatic products (ti-shepes, snetjer, antyw, hesayt) have been subject to careful lexicographic analysis, with special reference to Old Kingdom occurrences. Iconographic and field investigations documented here seek to better define the Egyptian way of representing the 'foreign' world and the value of its products in the spheres of Egyptian religiosity and rising Pharaonic ideology.

Reviews & Quotes

"This collaboration of experts from different disciplines of social and behavioral science has primarily focused on the fragrant extoic flora, their source, acquisition and classification of ancient terminology. The trade of exotic flora from Punt and its role in Egyptian religious and political spheres has been given great significance."
Daniel F Austin, Reviews Editor
Economic Botany (29/07/2019)

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