Evolution of a Community: The Colonisation of a Clay Inland Landscape: Neolithic to post-medieval remains excavated over sixteen years at Longstanton in Cambridgeshire [Paperback]

Samantha Paul (Author); John Hunt (Author)

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ISBN: 9781784910860 | Published by: Archaeopress Archaeology | Year of Publication: 2015 | Language: English 245p, illustrated throughout in colour and black & white

Evolution of a Community: The Colonisation of a Clay Inland Landscape


The movement of people from the fen edge and river valleys into the clay lands of eastern England has become a growing area of research. The opportunity of studying such an environment and investigating the human activities that took place there became available 9 km to the north-west of Cambridge at the village of Longstanton. The archaeological excavations that took place over a sixteen year period have made a significant contribution to charting the emergence of a Cambridgeshire clayland settlement and its community over six millennia. Evolution of a Community chronologically documents the colonisation of this clay inland location and outlines how it was not an area on the periphery of activity, but part of a fully occupied landscape extending back into the Mesolithic period. Subsequent visits during the Late Neolithic became more focused when the locality appears to have been part of a religious landscape that included a possible barrow site and ritual pit deposits. The excavations indicate that the earliest permanent settlement at the site dates to the Late Bronze Age, with the subsequent Iron Age phases characterised as a small, modest and inward-looking community that endured into the Roman period with very little evidence for disjuncture during the transition. The significant discovery of a group of seventh-century Anglo-Saxon burials which produced rare evidence for infectious deceases is discussed within the context of ‘final phase’ cemeteries and the influence of visible prehistoric features within the local landscape. The excavation of the Late Anglo-Saxon and medieval rural settlement defined its origins and layout which, alongside the artefactual and archaeobotanical assemblages recovered creates a profile over time of the life and livelihood of this community that is firmly placed within its historical context.

Table of Contents

"Chapter 1: Introduction
Part 1: Chapter 2: The Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology
Chapter 3: Neolithic and Bronze Age Finds
Chapter 4: The Iron Age and Roman Finds
Chapter 5: Inland Incursions: Discussion of the Prehistoric to Roman Activity
Part 2: Chapter 6: The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology
Chapter 7: Early Anglo-Saxon Burial and Ritual
Chapter 8: Longstanton: Settlement and Economy in a Medieval Cambridgeshire Vill.
Chapter 9: The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Pottery
Chapter 10: The Late Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Finds
Chapter 11: Charred Plant Remains from the Excavations
Chapter 12: The Archaeology of a Community: Longstanton in the Late Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods
Part 3: Conclusions
Appendix 1: Archaeological Project Details
Appendix 2: Methodologies and Tables
Appendix 3: Petrography Detailed Sample Descriptions
Appendix 4: Animal Bone Tables
Appendix 5: Slag Tables
Appendix 6: Radiocarbon Dates
Appendix 7: Human remains additional data
Appendix 8: Small Finds Tables
Appendix 9: Other Finds Catalogues
Appendix 10: CPR Tables"

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