Beyond the Fertile Crescent: Late Palaeolithic and Neolithic Communities of the Jordanian Steppe. The Azraq Basin Project Volume 1: Project Background and the Late Palaeolithic (Geological Context and Technology) [Hardback]

Andrew Garrard (Author); Brian Byrd (Author)

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ISBN: 9781842178331 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Series: Levant Supplementary Series | Volume: 13 | Year of Publication: 2013 | Language: English 448p, H297 x W210 (mm)

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Beyond the Fertile Crescent


The natural arc of resource-rich land which forms the ‘Fertile Crescent’ of South-West Asia is regarded as the earliest centre of village-based farming in the world and has been the focus of much of our understanding of the transition from Epipalaeolithic hunter-gathers to Neolithic farmers. Beyond the Fertile Crescent is the first volume of the Azraq Project, a large-scale archaeological and palaeoenvironmental survey and excavation project undertaken between 1982 and 1989 in the ecologically diverse sub-region of the Azraq Basin in north-central Jordan: an area rich in Palaeolithic and Neolithic archaeology. Beginning with an overview to the Project aims, a detailed analysis of past and present environments and land use and the history of excavation in the Basin, Beyond the Fertile Crescent explores the geology, stratigraphy and dating of the Late Palaeolithic sites and provides a detailed description of the technology and typology of the lithic assemblages from the sites. These are then compared with those from the wider Levant, in order to explore possible links between technological traditions and social groups in order to understand the evidence for settlement strategies across the region.

Table of Contents

Section A: Project background (Andrew Garrard)
1. Introduction
2. The environmental context
3. History of investigations, survey results and excavation strategy
Section B: The Late Palaeolithic – geological context (Christopher Hunt and Andrew Garrard)
4. Geological context and stratigraphy of Late Palaeolithic sites
Section C: The Late Palaeolithic – chipped stone assemblages (Brian F. Byrd with contributions from Andrew Garrard)
5. Research strategy and analytical approach to chipped stone assemblages from Azraq Basin
6. Chipped stone assemblages from the Jilat sites
7. Chipped stone assemblages from the Uwaynid and Azraq sites
8. Intersite comparisons and overall trends among the Azraq Basin assemblages
9. Regional patterns in late palaeolithic chipped stone production and technology in the levant

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