City Walls in Late Antiquity: An Empire Wide Perspective [Hardback]

Emanuele Intagliata (Editor); Christopher Courault (Editor); Simon J. Barker (Editor)

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ISBN: 9781789253641 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Publication: April 2020 | Language: English 256p, H280 x W216 (mm) b/w and colour
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City Walls in Late Antiquity

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The construction of urban defences was one of the hallmarks of the late Roman and late-antique periods (300–600 AD) throughout the western and eastern empire. City walls were the most significant construction projects of their time and they redefined the urban landscape. Their appearance and monumental scale, as well as the cost of labour and material, are easily comparable to projects from the High Empire; however, urban circuits provided late-antique towns with a new means of self-representation. While their final appearance and construction techniques varied greatly, the cost involved and the dramatic impact that such projects had on the urban topography of late-antique cities mark city walls as one of the most important urban initiatives of the period. To-date, research on city walls in the two halves of the empire has highlighted chronological and regional variations, enabling scholars to rethink how and why urban circuits were built and functioned in Late Antiquity. Although these developments have made a significant contribution to the understanding of late-antique city walls, studies are often concerned with one single monument/small group of monuments or a particular region, and the issues raised do not usually lead to a broader perspective, creating an artificial divide between east and west. It is this broader understanding that this book seeks to provide. The volume and its contributions arise from a conference held at the British School at Rome and the Swedish Institute of Classical Studies in Rome on June 20-21, 2018. It includes articles from world-leading experts in late-antique history and archaeology and is based around important themes that emerged at the conference, such as construction, spolia-use, late-antique architecture, culture and urbanism, empire-wide changes in Late Antiquity, and the perception of this practice by local inhabitants.

Table of Contents

Contents list
 
Preface Emanuele E. Intagliata, Christopher Courault and Simon J. Barker
 
Part 1. New Approaches to the Study of Late-Antique Walls
 
Ch. 1 – Emanuele E. Intagliata, Christopher Courault and Simon J. Barker
Approaching late-antique city walls through an Empire-wide perspective
Ch. 2 – Carmen Fernández-Ochoa, Angel Morillo
Late Roman city walls in Hispania. A reappraisal
Ch. 3 – Adriaan De Man
The City Walls of Lusitania revisited: a current perspective
Ch. 4 – Christopher Courault
The evolution of Cordoba’s city walls in Late Antiquity. New research perspectives.
 
Part 2. Construction Techniques
 
Ch. 5 – Cristina-Georgeta Alexandrescu
Defence, identity and transformation in the Late Roman cities from Scythia minor:
inherited knowledge in new building projects
Ch. 6 – Pierre-Antoine Lamy, Mathieu Ribolet
Dismantling, re-carving and re-using: some observations about the late city-wall of
Agedincum
Ch. 7 – James R. Snyder
Defending a New Capital: Ravenna’s Circuit Wall and the Revival of the Construction
Industry in Late Antiquity
 
Part 3. Regional Styles and Trends
 
Ch. 8 – James Crow
Power and Glory: ceremonial gates in Constantinople and the Balkans: prototypes and
legacy
Ch. 9 – Ayşe Dalyancı-Berns 6
An exceptional city wall? Re-thinking the fortifications of Nicaea in an empire-wide
context
Ch. 10 – Marc Heijmans
The late Roman city walls in southern Gaul
 
Part 4. City Walls in Times of Conflict and Peace
 
Ch. 11 – Catharine Hof
The revivification of earthen outworks in the eastern and southern empire by the
example of Resafa/Syria
Ch. 12 – Simon Esmonde Cleary
Late Roman city walls in Gaul: urban monument or state installation?
Ch. 13 – Sylvie Blétry
Halabiya-Zenobia: a city fortress on the Euphrates. The case of the evolution of its
fortification system
 
Part 5. The Afterlife of Late-Antique Walls
 
Ch. 14 – Francesco Maria Cifarelli, Federica Colaiacomo
The Wall Circuit of Segni in Late Antiquity: Urban and Topographic Issues
Ch. 15 – Jon Frey
Living in the shadow of the past: the afterlife of the Byzantine fortress at Isthmia
Ch. 16 – Michael Greenhalgh
Walls in Asia Minor in the accounts of European travelers
Conclusion – Emanuele E. Intagliata, Christopher Courault and Simon J. Barker

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