The Kyrenia Ship Final Excavation Report, Volume I: History of the Excavation, Amphoras, Ceramics, Coins and Evidence for Dating [Hardback]

Susan Womer Katzev (Editor); Helena Wylde Swiny (Editor)

ISBN: 9781785707520 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Series: The Kyrenia Ship Final Excavation Report | Volume: 1 | Year of Publication: 2022 | Language: English 464p, H297 x W210 (mm) b/w and colour + additional folder of plans

The Kyrenia Ship Final Excavation Report, Volume I


The Kyrenia ship, a Greek merchantman built around 315 BC and sunk off the north coast of Cyprus 294
size=2>–291 BC, was excavated between 1967 and 1972 under the direction of Michael Katzev. The importance of this ship lies in the extraordinary state of preservation of the hull, allowing great insights into ancient shipbuilding, and in the cargo it was carrying. Its hold was full of Rhodian transport amphoras and its cabin pottery was also mostly made on Rhodes, which was probably its home port. Its trade route ran between Rhodes, Cyprus, the Levant, and possibly Egypt. This first of a planned multi-volume publication includes a detailed history of the excavation of the ship, as well as the most important objects for determining the date of its sinking. These include the primary cargo, transport amphorae, with four different types from Rhodes; fewer examples from Samos and the Cyclades (Paros), and possibly northern Greece, Cyprus and the Levant. The Rhodian amphora stamps date the shipwreck to between 294 and 291 BC. The second most helpful dating material comprises vessels and utensils (cups and saucers, cooking pots and grills, serving bowls and spoons, water jars and pitchers) used by the crew. For most categories, four examples were found, suggesting a crew of four. Scientific analyses show that the majority were again made in Rhodes. Seven bronze coins were recovered, five of which were minted in the name of Alexander the Great and one in the name of Ptolemy I in Cyprus. Together, these objects document not only the date of the sinking but also give evidence of the probable Rhodian home port and trade route of the Kyrenia ship’s final voyage.

Table of Contents

List of figures and tables
Susan Womer Katzev
1. Introduction
1.1. Introduction
Susan Womer Katzev
1.2. Dedication to Michael and Susan W. Katzev from excavation members
Helena (Laina) Wylde Swiny with contributions from David I. Owen, Robert K. “Chip” Vincent, Stephen J. Scheifele, Owen Gander, and Robin C. M. Piercy
1.3. Thanks to Laina
Susan Womer Katzev
1.4. In thanks to all who helped
Susan Womer Katzev with Helena (Laina) Wylde Swiny and Robin C. M. Piercy
2. The excavation
2.1. How it began
Michael L. Katzev† [assembled by Susan Womer Katzev and Mary C. Sturgeon]
2.2. Kyrenia shipwreck remote sensing analysis
Jeremy N. Green
2.3. Kyrenia Ship data
2.3a. Labeling excavation objects
Helena (Laina) Wylde Swiny and Susan Womer Katzev
2.3b. Data explanation: creating the amphora plans
Helena (Laina) Wylde Swiny and Susan Womer Katzev
2.3c. The Kyrenia Ship Application
Thomas Myette
2.4. Evidence for Octopodia activity on the wreck site
Helena (Laina) Wylde Swiny and Susan Womer Katzev
3. Amphoras
3.1. The transport amphoras
Mark Lawall
3.2. Observations on amphora distribution
Helena (Laina) Wylde Swiny and Susan Womer Katzev
3.3. Analysis of resins from the Kyrenia Ship
Curt Beck† and Dorreen J. Ossenkop
3.4. Tales from taphonomic amphoras: marine biofouling as interpretive ecological tool on wreck-site formation
Carlos Jimenez, Katerina Achilleos, Antonis Petrou, and Louis Hadjioannou
3.5. Wreck site formation process: the wse of bryozoans
Katerina Achilleos, Carlos Jimenez, and Antonis Petrou
4. Goods of the crew
4.1. The goods of the crew
Andrea M. Berlin
4.2. Graffiti on the ship’s ceramics
Helena (Laina) Wylde Swiny, Susan Womer Katzev, Alan Johnston, Christopher Rollston, and Jo Ann Hackett
4.3. Wood identifications of objects in Volume I
Nili Liphschitz†
4.4. Plotting shipboard life: observations from the find spots of objects related to life on board the Kyrenia Ship
Helena (Laina) Wylde Swiny and Susan Womer Katzev
5. Ceramic analyses
5.1. Neutron Activation Analysis of ceramic samples from the Kyrenia Ship
Michael D. Glascock and Leslie G. Cecil
5.2. Petrographic analysis of the ceramics from the Kyrenia Ship
Yuval Goren
5.3. Organic residue analysis of pottery recovered from the Kyrenia Ship
Joseph A. Palatinus with Ruth F. Beeston
5.4. GC-MS analysis of contaminated Kyrenia Ship ceramic samples
Vic Garner† and Holley Martlew
5.5. Organic residue analysis of ceramic vessels from the Kyrenia Ship: searching for past contents
Lisa Briggs and Léa Drieu
6. Coins
6.1. The coins
Paul W. Keen
7. Conclusions
7.1. Summary closing wrap-up: what’s to come in Volumes II and III
Susan Womer Katzev

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