The Archaeology of Roman Portugal in its Western Mediterranean Context [Paperback]

Tesse D. Stek (Editor); André Carneiro (Editor)

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ISBN: 9781789258325 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Publication: May 2022 | Language: English 256p, H240 x W170 (mm)
Status: Not yet published - advance orders taken



The Archaeology of Roman Portugal in its Western Mediterranean Context

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The Archaeology of Roman Portugal contributes to the wider debate on Roman imperialism and expansionism, by bringing to the fore a much-underrepresented area of the Roman empire, at least in English-language scholarship: its westernmost edge in modern day Portugal. Highlighting the perspective from Roman Portugal contributes to our understanding of the Roman empire, through presenting both an extraordinary landscape in the sense of economic opportunities (ocean resources, marble and metal mining), and also settlement history. The volume presents new data and insights from both archaeology and ancient history, discussing their significance for our understanding of Roman expansion and imperialism.

A key goal of the volume is to discuss how the Portuguese panorama compares to other areas of the Iberian peninsula, and to better integrate Portuguese scholarship in the academic debate on the Mediterranean Roman world, and to contextualise it firmly within the wider Iberian and Western Mediterranean. The volume brings together an internationally diverse team of scholars in archaeology and ancient history from Portugal, Spain, Germany, the UK, the US, the Netherlands, Belgium and Italy. It explicitly discusses different national and disciplinary research traditions and historical frameworks in order to assess the potential of integrating best practices in archaeological approaches and methodology.

Table of Contents

Introduction by the editors
Part I Contested landscapes: between pre-Roman polities and early Roman encroachment
1. Early Roman-native cultural contact in Southern Callaecia: are we there yet?
João Fonte
2. Towers, territory, and the negotiation of a colonial landscape in the early Roman Central Alentejo
Joey Williams, Rui Mataloto and Karilyn Sheldon
 
Part II Economic targets: integrating and energizing resources
3. Upgrading town appearances: Relating white marble exploitation and town development in Roman Lusitania
Devi Taelman
4. Adding complexity to a complex world: the role of tableware imports in Portugal during the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE
Vincenzo Soria
 
Part III Cities and hill-forts: settlement organization in the westernmost Roman province
5. Land-use and settlement patterns around Ercavica in Antiquity: initial findings
Miguel Ángel Valero Tévar
6. Understanding the town-territory relationship: A case study from Lusitania
Cristina Corsi
7. Why would we need a city? The dispersed civitates in Lusitania
Pieter Houten
8. Roman rural life in the far west: The case study of the Serena Region (Badajoz, Spain)
Victorino Mayoral Herrera, Martina Cecilia Parini and Luis Sevillano Perea
 
Part IV Local religious and cultural identity
9. Oppida and public spaces: Constructing identities in late Iron Age and early Roman northwest Iberia
Manuel Fernández-Götz and Marco García Quintela
10. Romanising the mountains? Exploring cultural change through archaeological spatial analysis in western Sierra Morena (Spain)
Maria del Carmen Moreno Escobar
11. The role of cult places in shaping landscapes during Roman expansion: An Iberian perspective on a Mediterranean process
Ignasi Grau Mira
12. Men, women, children, animals – the votive statuary from the sanctuary of Endovellicus at São Miguel da Mota/Alandroal (Portugal)
Thomas G. Schattner

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