Roman Military Architecture on the Frontiers: Armies and Their Architecture in Late Antiquity [Hardback]

Rob Collins (Editor); Matt Symonds (Editor); Meike Weber (Editor)

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ISBN: 9781782979906 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2015 | Language: English 208p, H280 x W216 (mm) black/white and colour illustrations




Roman Military Architecture on the Frontiers

Details

The Roman army was one of the most astounding organizations in the ancient world, and much of the success of the Roman empire can be attributed to its soldiers. Archaeological remains and ancient texts provide detailed testimonies that have allowed scholars to understand and reconstruct the army’s organisation and activities. This interest has traditionally worked in tandem with the study of Roman frontiers. Historically, the early imperial period, and in particular the emergence of the frontiers, has been the focus of research. During those investigations, however, the remains of the later Roman army were also frequently encountered, if not always understood. Recent decades have brought a burgeoning interest in not only the later Roman army, but also late antiquity more widely. It is the aim of this volume to demonstrate that while scholars grappling with the late Roman army may want for a rich corpus of inscriptions and easily identifiable military installations, research is revealing a dynamic, less-predictable force that was adapting to a changing world, in terms of both external threats and its own internal structures. The dynamism and ingenuity of the late Roman army provides a breath of fresh air after the suffocating uniformity of its forbears. The late Roman army was a vital and influential element in the late antique empire. Having evolved through the 3rd century and been formally reorganized under Diocletian and Constantine, the limitanei guarded the frontiers, while the comitatenses provided mobile armies that were fielded against external enemies and internal threats. The transformation of the early imperial army to the late antique army is documented in the rich array of texts from the period, supplemented by a perhaps surprisingly rich archaeological record.

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Contributors
Acknowledgements
List of Abbreviations
1. Introduction:
Rob Collins and Meike Weber

2. Making sense of the frontier armies in late antiquity: An historian’s perspective
Conor Whately

3. Economic reduction or military reorganization? Granary demolition and conversion in later 4th century northern Britannia
Rob Collins

4. The 4th century and beyond: The Roman barrack at Binchester (Co. Durham)
David Petts

5. Fourth-century fortlets in Britain: sophisticated systems or desperate measures?
Matthew Symonds

6. The late Roman coastal fort of Oudenburg (Belgium): Spatial and functional transformations within the fort walls
Sofie Vanhoutte

7. The legionary fortress of Vindobona (Vienna, Austria): Change in function and design in the late Roman period
Martin Mosser

8. The dwindling legion: Architectural and administrational changes in Novae (Moesia inferior) on the threshold of late antiquity
Martin Lemke

9. Severan Castra, Tetrarchic Quadriburgia, Justinian Coenobia, and Ghassanid Diyarat: Patterns of Transformation of limes Arabicus Forts during late antiquity
Ignacio Arce

10. Castra or centenaria? Interpreting the later forts of the North African frontier
Alan Rushworth

11. In defence of the late empire
David Breeze

Reviews & Quotes

"The chief merits of this collection are its geographical range and its comprehensive treatment of sites, ranging from fortlets to fortresses."
Paul Jackson
Britannia (01/03/2018)

"Of value also to non-Roman fort specialists, this well produced volume's nine core papers range from Britain to Belguym, the Danube, the limes Arabicus and North Africa."
Neil Christie
Medieval Archaeology (02/02/2017)

"I recommend this book because many types of evidence are extremely well deployed and interpreted… it is up to date and it synthesises current scholarship admirably."
Christopher Lillington-Martin
Bryn Mawr Classical Review (16/10/2017)

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