From House Societies to States: Early Political Organisation, From Antiquity to the Middle Ages [Hardback]

Juan Carlos Moreno García (Editor)

ISBN: 9781789258622 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Series: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Ancient Societies (MAtAS) | Volume: 3 | Year of Publication: 2022 | Language: English 352p, H240 x W170 (mm) B/w

Also available as an ebook from:
Buy From Amazon Amazon
Buy From Apple Apple
Buy From Barnes and Noble Barnes & Noble
Buy From Kobo Kobo
Buy From Google Google

Oxbow Books will earn a small commission if you buy an ebook after clicking a link here.

From House Societies to States


The organisation and characteristics of early and ancient states have become the focus of a renewed interest from archaeologists, ancient historians and anthropologists in recent years. On the one hand, neo-evolutionary schemas of political transformation find it difficult to define some of their most basic concepts, such as ‘chiefdom’, ‘complex chiefdom’ and ‘state’, not to mention the transition between them. On the other hand, teleological interpretations based on linear dynamics, from less to increasingly more complex political structures, in successive steps, impose biased and too rigid views on the available evidence. In fact, recent research stresses the existence of other forms of socio-political organisation, less vertically integrated and more heterarchical, that proved highly successful and resilient in the long term in tying together social groups. What is more, such forms quite often represented the basic blocks on which states were built and that managed to survive once states collapsed. Finally, nomadic, maritime and mountain populations provide fascinating examples of societies that experienced alternative forms of political organisation, sometimes on a seasonal basis. In other cases, their consideration as ‘marginal’ populations that cultivated specialised skills ensured them a certain degree of autonomy when living either within or at the borders of states.

This book explores such small-scale socio-political organisations, their potential and the historical trajectories they stimulated. A selection of historical case studies from different regions of the world may help rethink current concepts and views about the emergence and organisation of political complexity and the mechanisms that prevented, occasionally, the emergence of solid polities. They may also cast some light over trajectories of historical transformation, still poorly understood as are the limits of effective state power. This book explores the importance of comparative research and long-term historical perspectives to avoid simplistic interpretations, based on the characteristics of modern Western states abusively used retrospectively.

Table of Contents

1. From house societies to states: An introduction
Juan Carlos Moreno García
2. The great houses of Mesopotamia: tripartite houses and the formation of the City State
Pascal Butterlin
3. Egalitarism, hierarchy, heterarchy and homoarchy: which evidence for the Indus Valley Civilization?
Massimo Vidale
4. Houses, regions and state(s): Multiple political experiences in pharaonic Egypt
Juan Carlos Moreno García
5. Communities, ‘houses’, and political organization in the Mycenaean world
Dimitri Nakassis
6. Emergence and legitimation of princely authority in the Early Bronze Age of Central Germany
Harald Meller
7. Neighbourhoods as ‘house societies’ in ancient Teotihuacan, Central Mexico. Exclusionary organizations in a corporate social and political environment
Linda Manzanilla
8. House Societies and the Classic Maya: An Epigraphic View
James L. Fitzsimmons
9. Gathering Salinar houses: Platforms-as-assemblages in ancient coastal Peru
David Chicoine & Jacob Warner
10. Communities, urbanism and state building in the Lake Chad region
Carlos Magnavita & Scott MacEachern
11. Negotiating visions of the house in West Africa: From dispersed agricultural communities to alternative complexities to the state
Stephen Dueppen
12. Early Medieval state formation: A view from two peripheries
Julio Escalona Monge
13. Trading polities and “sea people” of maritime southeast Asia
Bérénice Bellina

Product Tags

Use spaces to separate tags. Use single quotes (') for phrases.

Memory usage: real: 24379392, emalloc: 24195176
Code ProfilerTimeCntEmallocRealMem