Human Space [Paperback]

Otto Bollnow (Author)

ISBN: 9788869772832 | Published by: Mimesis International | Year of Publication: 2021 | Language: English 320p, H210 x W140 (mm)

Human Space


Human Space is an English translation of one of the most comprehensive studies of space as we experience it. Since it was published in Germany in 1963, Bollnow’s text has become a key reading in architecture, anthropology, and philosophy, and has been kept continuously in print (in 2010 the German edition was issued in its eleventh impression). The book is a serious academic research and something more – showing a great sensitivity to the near and the everyday. The text is enlivened and illustrated with many quotations, principally from German and English literature.

Table of Contents

Introduction On the history of the question Contrast with mathematical space The concept of experienced space The spatiality of human life I. The elementary structure of space 1. The Aristotelian concept of space Natural place Space as a vessel 2. Word usage and etymology Everyday linguistic usage Linguistic references ‘Orte’ und ‘Stellen’ in space 3. The natural coordinate system Vertical axis and horizontal plane: upright man The earth’s surface The firmness of the ground and the forms of its loss Front and back: man on the move Right and left sides 4. The centre of space The question of the zero point of space Going away and coming back Order around the centre The finiteness of the world 5. The points of the compass Orientation in space Mythical geography Other schemes of direction Preferred places Directions of travel and regions of life 6. Horizon and perspective The double aspect of the horizon Perspective Perspective and horizon in the figurative sense II. The wide world 1. Expanse, distance and the foreign A new question Pushing forward into the infinite distance of space The Baroque interior Narrowness and expanse The foreign Distance 2. The path and the road The opening up of space The origin of paths Road-building The road network The alteration of space a. The homogenization of space b. Eccentric space Man on the road a. The forward urge b. The loss of the dimension of width c. The fleeting nature of human contact 3. The wanderer’s path Wandering The path Aimlessness and timelessness The joy of departure Returning to one’s origins The function of wandering III. The security of the house 1. The meaning of the house The house as centre of the world Dwelling Space and security Bachelard on the joy of dwelling The anthropological function The vulnerability of the house 2. Sacred space The return to mythological thinking Sacred space The house as image of the world The city Conclusion 3. The homeliness of the dwelling 4. Door and window The door The lock The threshold The window Orientation in the environment The transporting effect of the window 5. The bed Hearth and table as the middle of the house The bed as centre Indications from linguistic and cultural history Security in the bed The upright posture Lying down 6. Waking up and falling asleep a. Waking up The uncertain sense of existence The building up of near space The identification of place b. Falling asleep The return to the unconscious mind The feeling of security Deep sleep The double movement of life IV. Aspects of space 1. Hodological space Distance The cave-like character of the living space Hodological space according to Lewin Sartre’s continuation The hodological structure of the landscape 2. Space of action The extension of the hodological concept of space The tangibility of objects in space The ordering of space The comprehensibility of living space Room to manoeuvre Extending the concept of the space of action 3. Day space and night space The relationship between the two spaces Day space Twilight spaces a. The forest b. Fog c. Falling snow d. Twilight Night space a. Moving through the night b. The descriptions of Minkowski and Merleau-Ponty 4. Mood and space The sense of narrowness and expanse The concept of mood space The sensual-moral effect of colour Interior spaces The constricting space of the anxious heart Euphoric space A poetic confirmation 5. Presential space The spatial character of sound The purposeful freedom of dance The changed relationship with space Presential movement Critique of Straus’s dualistic spatial schema 6. The space of human coexistence The struggle for living space The space of loving togetherness The space-creating power of love The foundation of the home The common space of friendly co-operation V. The spatiality of human life 1. Being-in-space and having-space Intentionality as a starting point Space as a medium Forms of sensation of space Dwelling Having-space Individual space 2. Forms of individual space Three areas of dwelling The body a. Body and exterior space b. The unobtrusiveness of the body c. Incarnation as a mode of having-a-body The house a. Incarnation in the house b. The transformation of man in his house c. The territory of animals Free space a. The protective character of space b. Dwelling in free space c. Other forms of becoming one with space 3. Summary and prospects Modes of human space The precedence of protective space Requirements for true dwelling Notes Afterword Index

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