Mesolithic Settlement in the North Sea Basin: A Case Study from Howick, North-East England [eBook (PDF)]

Clive Waddington(Editor)

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ISBN: 9781782974628 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2007 | Language: English 236p, 156 illus




Mesolithic Settlement in the North Sea Basin

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The archaeological remains at Howick consist of a Mesolithic hut site and an Early Bronze Age cist cemetery located on a modern cliff edge overlooking a small estuary. This volume is devoted solely to the reporting and interpretation of the Mesolithic remains. Three huts had been constructed on the Howick site, all on the same footprint, with no evidence to indicate a gap between these occupations, and the remains inside the hut were all consistent with its use as a habitation site. The lithic material from Howick is the most accurately dated assemblage from any British Mesolithic site and is a classic example of a narrow-blade industry. Typically for Britain these sites date from around 7500 cal BC but the Howick dates indicate an earlier start for this type of industry. The chipped stone assemblage from Howick is all made from locally occurring beach pebble flint which fits into the wider pattern of localised raw material acquisition by groups elsewhere in North-East England. A wide variety of tool types were found within the hut reflecting the diverse activities that appear to have taken place there. With such a wide range of resources on offer on a year-round basis, the site is interpreted as a base camp settlement that was used by the same group and their descendants over a period of several generations lasting for somewhere in the region of 200 years. The size of the hut indicates its use by a family-sized group. The Howick excavations have forced a rethink of the scale and nature of Mesolithic settlement in North-East England, as well as the relationship between this and other regions around the North Sea Basin. It is hoped that this work will help encourage further research into the Mesolithic of the region and its interactions with adjacent areas of upland, other North Sea Basin communities, as well as groups occupying the lands further north and south.

Table of Contents

List of figures
Acknowledgements
Summary - English, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, German, French (Clive Waddington)

1. Introduction (Clive Waddington)
2. Geophysical survey (Alan Biggins)
3. Fieldwalking (Clive Waddington)
4. Test pits (Clive Waddington)
5. Excavation (Clive Waddington)
6. Absolute dating (Alex Bayliss et al)
7. Chipped stone tools (Clive Waddington and Kristian Pedersen)
8. Bevelled pebbles, coarse stone tools and ochreous material (Ann Clarke and Clive Waddington)
9. Residue and use-wear analysis of stone tools (Karen Hardy and Robert Shiel)
10. Faunal remains (Geoff Bailey and Nicky Milner)
11. Plant remains and charred wood (Jacqui Cotton)
12. Geomorphological and palaeoenvironmental analysis (Ian Boomer, Robert Shiel and Tony Stevenson)
13. Experimental construction (Clive Waddington)
14. Howick: Discussion and interpretation (Clive Waddington et al)
15. Howick in its North Sea context (Clive Waddington, Geoff Bailey and Nicky Milner)

Bibliography

Reviews & Quotes

"[a] clear, readable report'"
Mike Pitts
British Archaeology (2008)

"Sets a high standard for research in the period and deserves a wide readership'."
Robert Young
Journal of Wetland Archaeology (Vol. 8, 2008)

"A significant contribution to the research into the Mesolithic of Britain... well-organised and accessible... There is much food for thought here.'"
Penny Spikins
The Holocene 18.7 (2008)

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