Mount Grace Priory: Excavations of 1957–1992 [Hardback]

Glyn Coppack (Editor); Laurence Keen (Editor)

£30.00
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ISBN: 9781789253146 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2019 | Language: English 448p, H275 x W215 (mm) b/w and colour



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Mount Grace Priory: Excavations of 1957–1992

Details

Owned by the National Trust and managed by English Heritage, Mount Grace Priory in North Yorkshire, established in 1398 and suppressed in 1539, was one of only nine successful Carthusian monasteries in England and one of the best-preserved medieval houses of that order in Europe. First excavated by Sir William St John Hope in 1896-1900 and in state guardianship since 1955 it is acknowledged as a type site for late-medieval Carthusian monasteries. The modern study of Mount Grace began in 1957 when Hope’s interpretation of the monks’ cells about the great cloister was found to be simplistic. This was followed between 1968 and 1974 by the excavation of individual monks’ cells in the west range of the great cloister and two cells in the north range, together with their gardens, areas not excavated by Hope. The examination of the monks’ cells was completed in 1985 by the excavation of the central cell of the north cloister range, together with its garden and the cloister alley outside the cell. The cultural material recovered from these cells indicated the ‘trade’ each monk practiced, predominantly the copying and binding of books. Because each cell was enclosed by high walls, the pottery and metalwork recovered could be identified to an individual monk. In 1987 English Heritage commissioned the re-excavation of two areas that had been examined by Hope, the water tower in the great cloister and the prior’s cell, refectory and kitchen in the south cloister range and the guest house in the west range of the inner court. The contrast between this semi-public area of the monastery and the monks’ cells was dramatic. Coupled with this excavation was a reappraisal of the architectural development of the monastery and reconstruction of lost structures such as the cloister alley walls and the central water tower.

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
Summary
Foreign language summaries
Preface
Chapter 1. Mount Grace Priory and the Carthusian Order
1.1 Origins of the Carthusian Order
1.2 Spread of the Carthusian Order
1.3 Carthusian Life
1.4 Layout of Carthusian Monasteries
1.5 The Carthusians in England
Chapter 2. History and Topography of Mount Grace Priory
2.1 History of the Charterhouse
2.2 The Estates, Demesnes and Site of Mount Grace Priory
2.3 Priory Community and the Local People
2.4 Suppression and Later History of Mount Grace
Chapter 3. The Site of Mount Grace Priory and its Archaeological History
3.1 Site of the Priory
3.2 Previous Archaeological Excavation at Mount Grace Priory
Chapter 4. The Archaeology of the Great Cloister
4.1 Note on Finds Numbering and Context Numbers
4.2 The Monks’ Cells
Chapter 5. The Archaeology of the Inner Court
5.1 The South-west Cloister Range
5.2. The Guest House and Kitchen Ranges
5.3 The Cells of the Lesser Cloister
5.4 The South Range of the Inner Court
Chapter 6. The Buildings and Infrastructure of Mount Grace Priory and their Development
6.1 The Development of the Priory Buildings 1398–1539
6.2 Water Supply and Drainage
6.3 The Development of the Guest-house Range 1540–1901
Chapter 7. The Cultural Collections
7.1 The Setting of the Site Evidenced by Insect Remains, by Mark Dinnin
7.2 Pottery, by Colin Hayfield
7.3 Coins and Jettons, by Kevin Leahy
7.4 The Ceramic Floor Tiles, by Laurence Keen, with contributions by D F Williams and Sarah Paynter
7.5 Fish Remains from the Kitchen and South-west Cloister Range, by Brian Irving and Andrew Jones
7.6 Small Finds, by Laurence Keen
7.7 Architectural Detail, by Jackie Hall and Glyn Coppack
7.8 Window Glass, by Glyn Coppack
Chapter 8. The Significance of the Mount Grace Project
8.1 Mount Grace Priory and its Significance
8.2 Future Research
Bibliography
Index

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