Butrint 6: Excavations on the Vrina Plain Volume 3: The Roman and late Antique pottery from the Vrina Plain Excavations [Hardback]

Paul Reynolds (Author)

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ISBN: 9781789252217 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Series: Butrint Archaeological Monographs | Volume: 6.3 | Year of Publication: 2019 | Language: English 336p, H297 x W210 (mm) b/w and colour

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Butrint 6: Excavations on the Vrina Plain Volume 3


Butrint 6 describes the excavations carried out on the Vrina Plain by the Butrint Foundation from 2002–2007. Lying just to the south of the ancient port city of Butrint, these excavations have revealed a 1,300 year long story of a changing community that began in the 1st century AD, one which not only played its part in shaping the city of Butrint but also in how the city interacted and at times reacted to the changing political, economic and cultural situations occurring across the Mediterranean World over this period. Volume III discusses the Roman and Late Antique pottery from the Vrina Plain excavations.

This detailed study of the ceramics follows the archaeological sequence recovered from the excavations in chronological order and provides a comprehensive and in depth review of the pottery, context by context, offering an important insight into the supply, as well as typology, of local and imported pottery available to the inhabitants of the Vrina Plain during this period. This is followed by a discussion on how the pottery trends found on the Vrina Plain relate to that of other sites in Butrint, both within the town (Triconch Palace; the Forum) and outside (Vrina Plain training school villa excavations; the villa of Diaporit).

The volume also presents an overview of some of the principal typological developments found across Butrint so as to allow the reader to place the Vrina finds in context, including a discussion of a number of key contexts from the Forum, as well as the findings from thin-section petrology of some of the ceramics.

Table of Contents

1. Presentation methodology  
General comments on wares – fabrics and forms
2. Late Republic to Early Imperial period
Early occupation
Phase 1: Mid-1st century AD
Phase 2: 2nd century to early 3rd century
3. Domus construction (and use)
Phase 3a: Early decades of mid-3rd century
Early/(mid-) 3rd-century material redeposited in later phases
Redeposited early (rather than mid-) 3rd-century contexts
Phase 3b: Early to mid-4th century
4th-century material intrusive in mid-3rd-century Phase 3a deposits
4th- to early 5th-century material redeposited in later phases
4. Late 4th to late 5th century AD
Phase 4: Late 4th century
Phase 5: Early 5th-century reoccupation
Late 4th- to early 5th-century material redeposited in later phases
Phase 6: Mid- to late 5th century
5. The 6th century AD
Phase 7: Early 6th century
Phase 8: Mid-6th century
Phase 9: Late 6th century
6. 5th- and mid- to late 6th-century material in later phases
Mid- to late 6th-century contexts of interest from Phases 10, 14 and 16
5th-century material redeposited in MED phases
7. The aqueduct (Area E)
Aqueduct construction
Aqueduct collapse
8. The Temple Mausoleum
Phase 3: Mid-3rd to mid-4th century
Phases 7 and 8: Early to mid-6th century
Redeposited 3rd–5th-century material in Phases 9 to 16
9. The Monument area
Phase 1: Mid-1st century AD
Phase 2: 2nd century AD
Phase 3: Mid-3rd to mid-4th century AD
Phase 5: Late 4th to early 5th century AD
Phase 6: Mid-5th century
Phases 7 to 8: Later 5th to early 6th century AD
Phases 9 to 16: Mid- to late 6th century AD onwards
Late 1st- to mid-3rd-century material redeposited in later phases
Other interesting contexts to the west of the Monument complex
10. Area G
Description of site and sequence
The contexts
2nd-century material prior to 4th-century phase
4th-century ceramic production waste
Medieval phase
11. Area J: Bathhouse
The contexts
12. Conclusions: pottery trends on the Vrina Plain and at Butrint
Early Imperial to mid-Roman period: Late 1st century BC to mid-3rd century AD
Late Roman: 4th to 7th centuries
Appendix A The pottery typology of Butrint – local, regional and imported forms: general comments
Regional fine wares
Cooking vessels
Other forms, local and imported
Appendix B Contexts from Forum I
1. Context 49
2. Context 530
3. Context 98
Appendix C Petrographic analysis of pottery from Butrint and environs Leandro Fantuzzi
1. Regional-Epirote cooking wares and plain wares: chert fabrics
2. Cooking ware/plain ware fabrics with metamorphic contribution: regional or imported products?
3. Imported cooking ware fabrics
4. Amphorae with fine buff fabrics
5. ‘Samian’ and ‘Ikarian’ amphora fabrics
6. Other imported amphora fabrics
7. Fine ware fabrics
Colour Plates

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