Romano-British Settlement and Cemeteries at Mucking: Excavations by Margaret and Tom Jones, 1965–1978 [Hardback]

Sam Lucy (Author); Christopher Evans (Author)

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ISBN: 9781785702686 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2016 | Language: English 456p, H297 x W210 (mm) b/w and colour




Romano-British Settlement and Cemeteries at Mucking

Details

Excavations at Mucking, Essex, between 1965 and 1978, revealed extensive evidence for a multi-phase rural Romano-British settlement, perhaps an estate centre, and five associated cemetery areas (170 burials) with different burial areas reserved for different groups within the settlement. The settlement demonstrated clear continuity from the preceding Iron Age occupation with unbroken sequences of artefacts and enclosures through the first century AD, followed by rapid and extensive remodelling, which included the laying out a Central Enclosure and an organised water supply with wells, accompanied by the start of large-scale pottery production. After the mid-second century AD the Central Enclosure was largely abandoned and settlement shifted its focus more to the Southern Enclosure system with a gradual decline though the 3rd and 4th centuries although continued burial, pottery and artefactual deposition indicate that a form of settlement continued, possibly with some low-level pottery production. Some of the latest Roman pottery was strongly associated with the earliest Anglo-Saxon style pottery suggesting the existence of a terminal Roman settlement phasethat essentially involved an ‘Anglo-Saxon’ community. Given recent revisions of the chronology for the early Anglo-Saxon period, this casts an intriguing light on the transition, with radical implications for understandings of this period. Each of the cemetery areas was in use for a considerable length of time. Taken as a whole, Mucking was very much a componented place/complex; it was its respective parts that fostered its many cemeteries, whose diverse rites reflect the variability and roles of the settlement’s evidently varied inhabitants.

Table of Contents

Chapter One: Roman Mucking – Many Things
 Background and Prehistoric Sequence
 Situation, Excavation Context and Methods
 Base-line Sources
 Site Phasing and Analysis
 Volume Structure
 
Chapter Two: The Settlement Sequence
 Conquest Period Components - A Sketch
 Phase 1 - Later First/Early Second Century AD
  The Central Enclosure
  The Western Enclosures
  The Southern Enclosures
 Phase 2 - Early Second to Mid Third Century AD
  The Central Enclosure
  The Southern Enclosures
  Pits
 
 Phase 3 - Mid Third to Fourth Centuries AD
 Discussion - Settlement Sequence, Pits and Building Parallels
  Pits
  Structures
  Site Sequence
 
Chapter Three: Settlement Finds
 Metalwork
  Roman Coinage Richard Reece
  Base Silver Finger-ring Martin Henig
  Roman Brooches Colin Haselgrove
  Other Copper Alloy Artefacts Grahame Appleby
  Lead Artefacts Quita Mould
  Iron Artefacts Quita Mould
 Other Finds
  Quern Stones David Buckley and Hilary Major
  Jet Artefacts Chris Going and Sam Lucy
  Glass Jennifer Price, D. Charlesworth and Donald Harden
 Pottery
  Samian Wares Joanna Bird and Brenda Dickinson
  Mortaria Kay Hartley
  Amphorae David Williams
  Romano-British Pottery Rosemary Jefferies and Sam Lucy
  Grafitti Chris Going
  Pottery Petrology David Williams
 Other Ceramic Finds
  Clay Figurines Catherine Johns and F. Jenkins
  Ceramic Building Material M.U. Jones with a note on Animal Foot Prints on Roman Tiles (Leslie Cram)
  Fired Clay and Daub Paul Barford and Grahame Appleby
  Textile Impressions Elizabeth Crowfoot
 Economic Data
  Animal Bone Krish Seetah and Geraldine Done
  Mollusca from Pit 373Nx407E  J. Cooper
  Carbonised Grain from Corn-drier 3 Marijke van der Veen
 Discussion - Distributions and Depositions
  Distributions
  Depositional Case-studies
 
Chapter Four: The Cemeteries
 Cemetery I
 Cemetery II
 Cemetery III
 Cemetery IV
 Cemetery V
 Smaller Cemetery Groups
 Discussion - Rites and Practices
  Nailed Footwear - Overview (Quita Mould)
 Pottery Use and Deposition (Rosemary Jefferies)
  Personal Ornaments
  Contexts of Burial
 
Chapter Five: Integrating Parts - Settlement and Cemeteries
 Transitions (I) - Iron Age/Roman
  The Pottery Industry
 Distinguishing Functional Difference
  Pottery Analysis
  Well 4 (Redux)
  Metalwork and Other Category Distributions
  Sets for the Living (and Dead)
 Economic Basis
 Ritual Components
 Interrelating Cemeteries and Settlement
 Explaining and Naming Roman Mucking - An Estate Centre (+ Village)
 Transitions (II) - Roman/Anglo-Saxon (Phase 4)
Bibliography
Appendix 1  Pottery imports from southeast England to Hadrian’s Wall.
 
 
 

Reviews & Quotes

"The argument is well structured and clearly articulated, with a good balance between data presentation, interpretation and wider synthesis. Plans and line illustrations are helpfullyaugmented by monochrome and colour photography; good design and layout make the volume easy to read and use… a tremendous achievement."
Christopher Scull
British Archaeology (04/04/2017)

"This volume ably demonstrates the value of not giving up on important excavations that have remained unpublished for decades… reports such as this demonstrate that important evidence endures and deserves to be properly disseminated and debated. The authors have done us a great service by bringing this final volume on the excavations at Mucking to such an excellent conclusion."
Neil Holbrook
Antiquity (16/06/2017)

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