The Three Dimensions of Archaeology [Paperback]

Hans Kamermans (Editor); Wieke de Neef (Editor); Chiara Piccoli (Editor); Axel Posluschny (Editor); Roberto Scopigno (Editor)

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ISBN: 9781784912932 | Published by: Archaeopress | Year of Publication: 2016 | Language: English 150p, b/w illus




The Three Dimensions of Archaeology

Details

This volume brings together presentations from two sessions organized for the XVII World UISPP Conference that was held from 1-7 September 2014 in Burgos (Spain). The sessions are: The scientific value of 3D archaeology, organised by Hans Kamermans, Chiara Piccoli and Roberto Scopigno, and Detecting the Landscape(s) – Remote Sensing Techniques from Research to Heritage Management, organised by Axel Posluschny and Wieke de Neef. The common thread amongst the papers presented here is the application of digital recording techniques to enhance the documentation and analysis of the spatial component intrinsically present in archaeological data. For a long time the capturing of the third dimension, the depth, the height or z-coordinate, was problematic. Traditionally, excavation plans and sections were documented in two dimensions. Objects were also recorded in two dimensions, often from different angles. Remote sensing images like aerial photographs were represented as flat surfaces. Although depth could be visualized with techniques such as stereoscopes, analysis of relief was troublesome. All this changed at the end of the last century with the introduction of computer based digitization technologies, 3D software, and digital near-surface sampling devices. The spatial properties of the multi-scale archaeological dataset can now be accurately recorded, analysed and presented. Relationships between artefacts can be clarified by visualizing the records in a three dimensional space, computer-based simulations can be made to test hypotheses on the past use of space, remote sensing techniques help in detecting previously hidden features of landscapes, thus shedding light on bygone land uses.

Table of Contents

Foreword to the XVII UISPP Congress Proceedings Series Edition (Luiz Oosterbeek); The Three Dimensions of Archaeology - Introduction (Hans Kamermans, Chiara Piccoli, Wieke de Neef, Axel G. Posluschny & Roberto Scopigno); Discussing the obvious or defending the contested: why are we still discussing the 'scientific value' of 3D applications in archaeology? (Tijm Lanjouw); 3Di - enhancing the record, extending the returns, 3D imaging from free range photography and its application during excavation (Dominic Powlesland); Towards 3D GIS. Notes from the 2012 CAA-NL/DE chapter session 'from 2.5 to 3 spatial dimensions' (Martijn van Leusen & Serge van Gessel); Are we there yet? 3D GIS in archaeological research, the case of Tell Sabi Abyad, Syria (Victor Klinkenberg); Three-dimensional simulation of a fire in a simplified gallery of the Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc cave (Ardeche, France) (Delphine Lacanette, Jean-Christophe Mindeguia, Catherine Ferrier, Evelyne Debard & Bertrand Kervazo); Using digital photogrammetry to produce 3D models at prehistoric ditched enclosures: Perdigoes as a case study (Jose L. Caro, Victor Jimenez-Jaimez & Jose Enrique Marquez-Romero); 3D modeling by digital photogrammetry applied to the Palaeolithic mammoth bone dwelling settlement of Gontsy (Ukraine) (Lioudmila Iakovleva, Francois Djindjian & Yves Egels); Archaeology and coastal erosion: monitoring change through 3D digital techniques (Elias Lopez-Romero, Patricia Manana-Borrazas, Alejandro Guimil-Farina & Marie Yvane Daire); Fast 3D recording techniques: a low-cost method for the documentation and analysis of scattered architectural elements as a part of the EMCHAHE project (Patricia Manana-Borrazas, Rebeca Blanco-Rotea & Jose Carlos Sanchez-Pardo); Using airborne laser scanning and historical aerial photos to identify modern age fortifications in the Minho Valley, Northwest Iberian Peninsula (Rebeca Blanco-Rotea, Joao Fonte, Alejandro Guimil-Farina & Patricia Manana-Borrazas); Devilish details - fine-tuning survey techniques for ephemeral sites (Wieke de Neef & Martijn van Leusen); Geophysical survey on "El Mazo de la Castanera" (Cantabria, Spain): looking for open-air domestic remains (Eduardo Carmona Ballestero, Cristina Vega Maeso, Oscar Lopez Jimenez & Victoria Martinez Calvo); Electrical resistivity imaging survey around the caves of the Ojo Guarena Karst complex (Merindad de Sotoscueva, Burgos, Spain) (L. Bermejo, A. I. Ortega, R. Guerin, A. Benito-Calvo, J. M. Pares, M. A. Martin, E. Aracil, U. Maruri & J. A. Porres)

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