Ancient DNA and the European Neolithic: Relations and Descent [Paperback]

Alasdair Whittle (Editor); Joshua Pollard (Editor); Susan Greaney (Editor)

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ISBN: 9781789259100 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Series: Neolithic Studies Group Seminar Papers | Volume: 19 | Publication: December 2022 | Language: English 208p, H240 x W170 (mm) B/W
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Ancient DNA and the European Neolithic

Details

A current paradigm-changing aDNA revolution is offering unparalleled insights into central questions within archaeology relating to the movement of populations and individuals; patterns of descent; relationships; and aspects of identity
face=Calibri>– at many scales and of many different kinds. The impact of recent aDNA results can be seen particularly clearly in studies of European Neolithic populations, the subject of contributions presented in this volume. This has all helped to reset the terms in which we must now consider movements and mixtures of people both at the start of the Neolithic and at its end, and complex questions of identities and relationships. If the terms of archaeological debate have been permanently altered, this has left many issues in its wake.

This volume stems from the online day conference of the Neolithic Studies Group held in November 2021, which aimed to bring geneticists and archaeologists together in the same forum, and in the second place to enable critical but constructive inter-disciplinary debate about key issues arising from the application of advanced aDNA analysis to the study of the European Neolithic and Chalcolithic. The resulting papers gathered here are by both geneticists and archaeologists. Overall, they offer wide-ranging reflections on the progress of aDNA studies, and on their future reach and character, and a series of significant, up-to-date, period and regional syntheses of various manifestations of the Neolithic across the Near East and Europe, including particularly Britain and Ireland. Chronological coverage in some papers extends into the Chalcolithic or Copper Age.

Table of Contents

Foreword
List of contributors
 
1. Introduction: questions of descent, relationships and identity
Alasdair Whittle and Joshua Pollard
2. Living with archaeogenetics: three decades on
Martin B. Richards
3. Five challenges for an integrated archaeogenetic paradigm
Kristian Kristiansen
4. Ancient genomics methodology and genetic insularity in Neolithic Europe
Bruno Ariano and Daniel G. Bradley
5. Reconstructing the genealogical relationships of hunter-gatherers and farmers
Leo Speidel
6. Ancient DNA of Near Eastern Neolithic populations: the knowns and the unknowns
Eva Fernández-Domínguez
7. Farmer-forager interactions in the Iron Gates: new insights and new dilemmas
Maxime N. Brami and Yoan Diekmann
8. A glance at Early Neolithic south-east and central Europe — as reflected by archaeological and archaeogenetic data
Eszter Bánffy
9. Ancestry and identity in the Balkans and the Carpathian basin between the 5th and 3rd millennia cal BC
Bianca Preda-Bălănică and Yoan Diekmann
10. The genetics of the inhabitants of Neolithic Britain: a review
Selina Brace and Tom Booth
11. Islands apart? Genomic perspectives on the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in Ireland
Lara Cassidy
12. aDNA and modelling the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition in Britain and Ireland
Alison Sheridan and Alasdair Whittle
13. Looking back, looking forward — humanity beyond biology
Susan Greaney

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