The Houses of Hereford 1200-1700 [Hardback]

Nigel Baker (Author); Pat Hughes (Author); Richard K. Morriss (Author)

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ISBN: 9781785708169 | Published by: Oxbow Books | Year of Publication: 2018 | Language: English 224p, H280 x W220 (mm) b/w and colour




The Houses of Hereford 1200-1700

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The cathedral city of Hereford is one of the best-kept historical secrets of the Welsh Marches. Although its Anglo-Saxon development is well known from a series of classic excavations in the 1960s and ’70s, what is less widely known is that the city boasts an astonishingly well-preserved medieval plan and contains some of the earliest houses still in everyday use anywhere in England. Three leading authorities on the buildings of the English Midlands have joined forces, combining detailed archaeological surveys, primary historical research and topographical analysis, to examine 24 of the most important buildings, from the great hall of the Bishop’s Palace of c.1190, to the first surviving brick town-house of c.1690. Fully illustrated with photographs, historic maps and explanatory diagrams, the case-studies include canonical and mercantile hall-houses of the Middle Ages, and mansions, commercial premises and simple suburban dwellings of the early modern period. Owners and builders are identified from documentary sources wherever possible, from the Bishop of Hereford and the medieval cathedral canons, through civic office-holding merchant dynasties to minor tradesmen otherwise known only for their brushes with the law.

Table of Contents

List of Figures and plates
Acknowledgements
Picture credits
Summaries
 
 
Preface, by Ron Shoesmith and Nigel Baker
 
Chapter 1 Introduction by Nigel Baker
1.1 An introduction to Hereford
1.2 Hereford 1100-1700: a brief economic profile
1.3 The historic townscape of central Hereford
1.4 Building materials
1.5 The origins of city housing: the excavated evidence c.800 – c.1300
1.6 Cellars and undercrofts
 
 
Chapter 2 Medieval Houses, c.1200-c.1500, by Pat Hughes and Richard Morriss
 
(1) The Bishop’s Palace
(2) The Cathedral Barn
(3)  20 Church Street
(4) Harley Court
(5) 29 Castle Street
(6) 41a Bridge Street
(7) 50a Commercial Street
(8) Pool Farm
 
 
Chapter 3 Post-medieval houses, c.1500-c.1700, by Pat Hughes and Richard Morriss
 
(9) 26-27 High Town
(10) The Black Lion, Bridge Street
(11) 14 Church Street
(12) 25 Commercial Street
(13) 50a/52 St Owen Street
(14) Wyebridge House, Bridge Street
(15) The Grapes Tavern, West Street
(16) The Essex Arms, Widemarsh Street
(17) The Old House, High Town
(18) The former Farmers’ Club, Widemarsh Street
(19) The former Conservative Club, East Street
(20) 7 St Peter’s Street
(21) 64-66 Widemarsh Street
(22) 10-11 High Town
(23) 18 High Town
(24) The Mansion House, Widemarsh Street
 
 
Chapter 4 Discussion and conclusions, by Nigel Baker, Pat Hughes and Richard Morriss
 
 Fitting into the framework – houses and house-plots
 Internal planning before 1500
 Internal planning after 1500
 Business and industry
 Heating
 Timber framing before 1500
 Timber framing after 1500
 Roofs: structures and coverings
 Floor structures
 Masonry
 The advent of brick
 Internal decoration and furniture
 Twenty-four buildings – the social sample
 
Selective glossary
Notes to archival sources
Bibliography
Index

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